Environmental regulations can increase enterprise production costs and reduce production efficiency. This study analyzes the annual reports of 132 enterprises in 16 highly polluting industries over 9 years, which includes 52,272 data points comprising 1188 observed values from the 132 enterprises. We find that environmental regulations tend to increase the environment-friendly and non-environment-friendly research and development (R&D) inputs of the enterprises. Irrespective of the type of R&D input, the quality of the enterprise staff improves and their enthusiasm and initiative for work increases, resulting in increased enterprise production efficiency. Additionally, an increase in human capital significantly facilitates the improvement of enterprise staff quality, whereas, an expansion in the size of an enterprise does not tend to improve its productivity owing to decreasing returns to scale. This study further conducts a robustness test that replaces the explanatory variables with total factor productivity and resolves Malmquist efficiency indexes. The result of this robustness test supports the preliminary regression results. The conclusion of this study can help enterprises be competitive in global markets, and the results can serve as advice for the leads of enterprises.
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The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 71471001, 41771568, 71533004, 71503001; 71601170); the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0602500; 16YJC630123).
This work was supported by the Major Projects of National Social Science Fund of China (Grant No. 18ZDA126) and the Support Plan for Innovative Talents in Colleges and Universities of Liaoning Province (Grant No. WR2017007), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 71471001 and 71601170).
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Sun, Y., Du, J. & Wang, S. Environmental regulations, enterprise productivity, and green technological progress: large-scale data analysis in China. Ann Oper Res 290, 369–384 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10479-019-03249-4
- Environmental regulation
- Production efficiency
- Green technological progress
- Large scale data analysis