Annals of Operations Research

, Volume 268, Issue 1–2, pp 315–331 | Cite as

Behavioral DEA model in evaluating the regional carrying states in China

  • Dongwei Yang
  • Qiong Xia
S.I.: BOM in Social Networks


In this paper, we have proposed a behavioral DEA model to evaluate Chinese provincial carrying states. To introduce the behavioral DEA model, we take the individual decision maker’s preference into account, including fairness concern, reference dependence and loss aversion. By considering those decision preferences, the proposed models can help to make fair planning with accounting for decision maker’s utilities. Our proposed model provides the detailed technique to demonstrate the fairness concern, reference dependence and loss aversion quantificationally. An empirical study in evaluating Chinese provincial carrying states is used to demonstrate our methods. We also provide comparative analysis and correlation analysis to discuss the results and point out the managerial implications of this study.


Data envelopment analysis Regional carrying states Fairness concern Reference dependence Loss aversion 



This research work has been supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 71631006 and 71771071).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Management and EconomicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of EconomicsHefei University of TechnologyHefeiPeople’s Republic of China

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