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American Journal of Community Psychology

, Volume 56, Issue 3–4, pp 368–382 | Cite as

“This is My Community”: Reproducing and Resisting Boundaries of Exclusion in Contested Public Spaces

  • Erin E. Toolis
  • Phillip L. Hammack
Original Article

Abstract

The way that public space is structured has significant implications for identity, social interaction, and participation in society. For those experiencing homelessness, with no or limited private space, survival hinges on the accessibility and livability of public space. However, the increasing privatization of public space in the United States has contributed to the implementation of anti-homeless ordinances in cities, restricting sitting, standing, panhandling, and sleeping in public. This study analyzes data from interviews with housed and unhoused community members, text from a local policy document, and ethnographic observations to explore how boundaries between “insiders” and “outsiders” are drawn in public space and mediated through individual discourse. Our findings suggest that boundaries of exclusion are constructed through dominant narratives that portray the unhoused as a threat to safety and economic vitality, thus justifying the need for regulation and punishment through the criminalization of homelessness. Yet, informants also demonstrate resistance to this narrative by discussing how criminalization of homelessness perpetuates dehumanization, violence, and economic inequality. Policy implications for the regulation of public space are discussed.

Keywords

Homelessness Public space Narrative Policy Discourse Moral exclusion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work presented here was supported by funding from the Psychology Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz. We wish to acknowledge the community members who graciously shared their time and stories with us and the field sites that supported our work. We thank Heather Bullock, Mary Beth Pudup, Miriam Greenberg, Andrew Pilecki, Anjali Dutt, Brandon Balzer-Carr, Harmony Reppond, Leifa Mayers, Robyn Goldberg, Christine Brown, Rachel Beyer, Tajalei Willard, and Tamar Bezjian for their suggestions and contributions to this project. We also thank Jacob Tebes and an anonymous reviewer for their comments on earlier versions of this article.

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Copyright information

© Society for Community Research and Action 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Psychology Faculty ServicesUniversity of California, Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz)Santa CruzUSA

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