Creating Qungasvik (A Yup’ik Intervention “Toolbox”): Case Examples from a Community-Developed and Culturally-Driven Intervention
- 478 Downloads
This paper describes the development of a Yup’ik Alaska Native approach to suicide and alcohol abuse prevention that resulted in the creation of the Qungasvik, a toolbox promoting reasons for life and sobriety among youth. The Qungasvik is made up of thirty-six modules that function as cultural scripts for creating experiences in Yup’ik communities that build strengths and protection against suicide and alcohol abuse. The Qungasvik manual represents the results of a community based participatory research intervention development process grounded in culture and local process, and nurtured through a syncretic blending of Indigenous and Western theories and practices. This paper will provide a description of the collaborative steps taken at the community-level to develop the intervention modules. This process involved university researchers and community members coming together and drawing from multiple sources of data and knowledge to inform the development of prevention activities addressing youth suicide and alcohol abuse. We will present case examples describing the development of three keystone modules; Qasgiq (The Men’s House), Yup’ik Kinship Terms, and Surviving Your Feelings. These modules each are representative of the process that the community co-researcher team took to develop and implement protective experiences that: (1) create supportive community, (2) strengthen families, and (3) give individuals tools to be healthy and strong.
KeywordsAmerican Indian and Alaska Native Community based participatory research Community intervention Suicide Substance abuse Youth
This research was funded by the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities, and the National Center for Research Resources [R21AA016098-01, RO1AA11446; R21AA016098; R24MD001626; P20RR061430]. We also want to thank all of the People Awakening Team including participants, community co-researchers, community planning groups, our Coordinating Councils and our project staff for their assistance in completing this research.
- Allen, J., Mohatt, G. V., Beehler, S., & Rowe, H. L. (2014a). People Awakening: Collaborative research to develop cultural strategies for prevention in community intervention. American Journal of Community Psychology. doi: 10.1007/s10464-014-9647-1.
- Gonzalez, J., & Trickett, E. J. (2014b). Collaborative measurement development as a tool in CBPR: Measurement development and adaptation within the cultures of communities. American Journal of Community Psychology. doi: 10.1007/s10464-014-9655-1.
- Briggs, J. (1970). Never in anger: portrait of an Eskimo family. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Briggs, J. (1998). Inuit morality play: the emotional education of a three-year-old. Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Fienup-Riordan, A. (1991). Eskimo essays: Yup’ik lives and how we see them. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- Fienup-Riordan, A. (1995). Boundaries and passages: rule and ritual in Yup’ik Eskimo oral tradition. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
- Fienup-Riordan, A. (2000). Hunting tradition in a changing world: Yup’ik lives in Alaska today. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- Fienup-Riordan, A. (2001). What’s in a name? Becoming a real person in a Yup’ik community. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
- Gone, J. P. (2013). Reconsidering American Indian historical trauma: Lessons from an early Gros Ventre war narrative. Transcultural Psychiatry, published online June 13, 2013. doi: 10.1177/1363461513489722.
- Hensel, C. (1996). Telling our selves: Ethnicity and discourse in Southwestern Alaska. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Mohatt, G. V., Allen, J., Fok, C. C. T., Henry, D., & People Awakening Team (2014). Feasibility of a community intervention for the prevention of suicide and alcohol abuse with Yup’ik Alaska Native youth: The Elluam Tungiinun and Yupiucimta Asvairtuumallerkaa studies. American Journal of Community Psychology. doi: 10.1007/s10464-014-9646-2.
- Oswalt, W. (2011). Bashful no longer: An Alaskan Eskimo ethnohistory 1778–1988. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
- Rearden, A., & Jacobsen, A. (Eds.). (2009). Qanruyuteput iinruugut: Our teachings are medicine. Bethel, AK: Association of Village Council Presidents with University of Alaska Fairbanks.Google Scholar
- Sarason, S. B. (1972). The creation of settings and the future societies. San Francisco, CA: JosseyBass.Google Scholar
- Waldram, J. B. (2004). Revenge of the Windigo: The construction of the mind and mental health of North American Aboriginal Peoples. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
- Wallerstein, N., Oetzel, J., Duran, B., Tafoya, G., Belone, L., & Rae, R. (2008). What predicts outcomes in CBPR. In M. Minkler & N. Wallerstein (Eds.), Community-based participatory research for health. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar