Contraceptive Use Among HIV-Infected Females with History of Injection Drug Use in St. Petersburg, Russia
Limited research examines family planning for HIV-infected women with a history of injection drug use. We describe modern contraceptive use and its association with heavy drinking and recent injection for HIV-infected females in St. Petersburg, Russia (N = 49): 22.4% (n = 11) used traditional methods and 30.6% (n = 15) reported modern contraceptive use, which consisted primarily of condoms (26.5%, n = 13). Over 63% (n = 31) had an abortion. Observed associations for heavy alcohol use (AOR = 2.36, CI = 0.53, 12.41) and recent injection drug use (AOR = 2.88, CI = 0.60, 16.92) were clinically notable, but not statistically significant. Prioritizing family planning for HIV-infected women with a history of substance use is urgently needed.
KeywordsModern contraceptive use Injection drug use HIV-infected Females Russia
The authors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of study participants and staff. We would also like to Vivian Dinh for assistance with table preparation.
This study was funded through NIDA grant R01DA032082. Dr. West is funded by NIDA grant K01DA041233.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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