Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 92, Issue 2, pp 437–448 | Cite as

Land-use effects on phosphorus fractions in Indo-Gangetic alluvial soils

  • Dhram Prakash
  • Dinesh Kumar Benbi
  • Gurbachan Singh Saroa
Article

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) in soil exists both in organic and inorganic forms and their relative abundance could determine P supplying capacity of soil. Differential input of exogenous and plant-mediated phosphorus and carbon in soil under different land-uses could influence P availability and fertilizer P management. While the effect of land-use on soil organic carbon (SOC) is fairly well-documented, its effect on soil P fractions is relatively less known. We investigated the effect of different land-uses including rice–wheat, maize–wheat, cotton–wheat cropping systems and poplar-based agroforestry systems on soil P fractions and organic carbon accrual in soils. Total P concentration was the highest under agroforestry (569 mg P kg−1) and the lowest under maize–wheat (449 mg P kg−1) cropping systems. On the contrary, soils under rice–wheat had significantly higher available P concentration than the agroforestry systems, probably because of higher fertilizer P application in rice–wheat and prevailing wetland conditions during rice growth. In soils under sole cropping systems viz. rice–wheat, maize–wheat and cotton–wheat, inorganic P was the dominant fraction and accounted for 92.2–94.6% of total P. However, the soils under agroforestry had smaller proportion (73%) of total P existing as inorganic P. Among soil P fractions, water soluble inorganic P (0.13–0.26%) represented the smallest proportion inorganic P in soils under different land-uses. Agroforestry showed significantly (p < 0.05) higher concentrations of SOC than the other land-uses. Soil organic C was significantly correlated with soil P fractions. It was concluded that poplar-based agroforestry systems besides leading to C accrual in soil result in build-up of organic P and the P supplying capacity of soil.

Keywords

Land-use Agroforestry Available P Soil P fractions Soil organic carbon Organic P Inorganic P 

References

  1. Aguiar ACF, Candido CS, Carvalho CS, Monroe PHM, Moura EG (2013) Organic matter fraction and pools of phosphorus as indicators of the impact of land use in the Amazonian periphery. Ecol Indic 30:158–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aulakh MS, Pasricha NS (1991) Transformations of residual fertilizer P in a semi-arid tropical soil under eight-year peanut wheat- rotation. Fert Res 29:145–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aulakh MS, Kabba BS, Baddesha HS, Bahl GS, Gill MPS (2003) Crop yields and phosphorus fertilizer transformations after 25 years of application to a subtropical soil under groundnut-based cropping systems. Field Crop Res 83:296–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beck MA, Sanchez PA (1994) Soil phosphorus fraction dynamics during 18 years of cultivation on a Typic Paleudult. Soil Sci Soc Am J 58:1424–1431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benbi DK, Brar K, Toor AS, Singh P, Singh H (2012) Soil carbon pools under poplar-based agroforestry, rice-wheat, and maize-wheat cropping systems in semi-arid India. Nutri Cycl Agroecosyst 92:107–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bene CD, Tavarini S, Mazzoncini M, Angelini LG (2011) Changes in soil chemical parameters and organic matter balance after 13 years of ramie [Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud.] cultivation in the Mediterranean region. Eur J Agron 35:154–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boschetti NG, Quintero CE, Giuffre L (2009) Phosphorus fractions of soils Lotus corniculatus as affected by different phosphorus fertilizers. Biol Fert Soils 45:379–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Broder T, Blodau C, Biester H, Knorr KH (2012) Peat decomposition records in three pristine ombrotrophic bogs in southern Patagonia. Biogeosciences 9:1479–1491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cardoso IM, Janssen BH, Oenema O, Kuyper T (2001) Phosphorus fractionation in Oxisols under agroforestry and conventional coffee systems in Brazil. In: Horst WJ, Schenk MK, Burkert A, Claassen N, Flessa H, Frommer WB, Goldbach H, Olfs H W, Omheld V, Sattelmacher B, Schmidhalter U, Schubert S, Wiren N, Wittenmayer L (eds) Proceedings of the XIV international plant nutrition colloquium, Hannover, Germany. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 1018–1019Google Scholar
  10. Chen CR, Condron LM, Davis MR, Sherlock RR (2003) Seasonal changes in soil phosphorus and associated microbial properties under adjacent grassland and forest in New Zealand. For Ecol Manag 177:539–557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chen CR, Condron LM, Xu ZH (2008) Impacts of grassland afforestation with coniferous trees on soil phosphorus dynamics and associated microbial processes: a review. For Ecol Manag 255:396–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. FAI (2012) The fertilizer association of India, New Delhi, Fertilizer Statistics, 2011-12, FAIGoogle Scholar
  13. Freeman JS, Rowell DL (1981) The adsorption and precipitation of phosphate on to calcite. J Soil Sci 32:75–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frossard E, Candron LM, Oberson A, Sinaj S, Fardeau JC (2000) Processes governing phosphate availability in temperate soils. J Environ Qual 29:15–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gaume A, Machler F, De Leon C, Narro L, Frossard E (2001) Low-P tolerance by maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes. Significance of root growth, and organic acids and acid phosphatise root exudation. Plant Soil 228:253–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Golterman HL (1960) Studies on the cycle of elements in fresh water. Acta Bot 9:1–58Google Scholar
  17. Golterman HL (1996) Fractionation of sediment phosphate with chelating compounds: a simplification, and comparison with other methods. Hydrobiologia 335:87–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Golterman H, Paing J, Serrano L, Gomez E (1998) Presence of and phosphate release from polyphosphate or phytate phosphate in lake sediments. Hydrobiologia 364:99–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Guo F, Yost RS, Hue NV, Evensen CI, Silva JA (2000) Changes in phosphorus fractions in soils under intensive plant growth. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:1681–1689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hedley MJ, Steward JWB, Chauhan BS (1982) Changes in inorganic soil P fractions induced by cultivation practices and by laboratory incubation. Soil Sci Soc Am J 46:970–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Huang LM, Thompson A, Zhang GL (2014) Long-term paddy cultivation significantly alters topsoil phosphorus transformation and degrades phosphorus sorption capacity. Soil Till Res 142:32–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jackson ML (1967) Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  23. Jalali M, Matin NH (2013) Soil phosphorus forms and their variations in selected paddy soils of Iran. Environ Monit Assess 185:8557–8565CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Lindsy WL (1979) Chemical equilibria in soils. John Wiley and Sons, New York, Brisbane, TorantoGoogle Scholar
  25. Lobato EMSG, Fernandes AR, Lobato AKS, Guedes RS, Netto JRC, Moura AS, Marques DJ, Ávila FW, Borgo JDH (2014) The chemical properties of a clayey oxisol from Amazonia and the attributes of itsphosphorus fractions. J Food Agric Environ 2:1328–1335Google Scholar
  26. Manlay RJ, Chotte J, Masse D, Laurent J, Feller C (2002) Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus allocation in agro-ecosystems of a West African savanna. III. Plant and soil components under continuous cultivation. Agric Ecosyst Environ 88:249–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. McLaughlin MJ, Alston AM, Martin JK (1988) Phosphorus cycling in wheat-pasture rotations. III. Organic phosphorus turnover and phosphorus cycling. Aust J Soil Res 26:343–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McLaughlin MJ, MacBeath TM, Smernik R, Stacey SP, Ajiboye B, Guppy C (2011) The chemical nature of P accumulation in agricultural soil-implications for fertiliser management and design: an Australian perspective. Plant Soil 349:69–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Muhammad S, Müller T, Joergensen RG (2008) Relationships between soil biological and other soil properties in saline and alkaline arable soils fromthe Pakistani Punjab. J Arid Environ 72:448–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Murphy J, Rilay JP (1962) A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural water. Anal Chem Acta 27:6–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Oberson A, Joner EJ (2005) Microbial turnover of phosphorus in soil. In: Turner BL, Frossad E, Baldwin DS (eds) Organic phosphorus in the environment, 1st edn. CABI Publishing, Cambridge, pp 133–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA (1954) Estimation of available phosphorus by extracting with sodium carbonate. USDA Circular 939, US Govt. Printing Office, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  33. Perrott KW, Sarathchandra SU, Dow BW (1992) Seasonal and fertilizer effects on the organic cycleand microbial biomass in a hill country soil under pasture. Aust J Soil Res 30:383–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Puri AN (1950) Soils-their physics and chemistry. Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  35. Richardson AE, George TS, Maarten H, Simpson RJ (2005) Utilization of soil organic phosphorus by higher plants. In: Turner BL, Frossad E, Baldwin DS (eds) Organic phosphorus in the environment, 1st edn. CABI Publishing, Cambridge, pp 165–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Stewart JWB, Tiessen H (1987) Dynamics of soil organic phosphorus. Biochemistry 41:41–60Google Scholar
  37. Tong C, Xiao H, Tang G, Wang H, Huang T, Xia H, Keith SJ, Li Y, Liu S, Wu J (2009) Long-term fertilizer effectson organic carbon and total nitrogen and coupling relationships of C and N in paddy soils in subtropical China. Soil Tillage Res 106:8–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tunesi S, Poggi V, Gessa C (1999) Phosphate adsorption and precipitation in calcareous soils: the role of calcium ions in solutions and carbonate minerals. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 53:219–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. USDA (1930) A pipette method of mechanical analysis of soils based on improved dispersion procedure. Technical Bulletin No. 170, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington DC, pp 1–23Google Scholar
  40. Walkley A, Black CA (1934) An examination of the digestion method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Williams JDH, Mayer T, Nriagu JO (1980) Extractibility P from phosphate minerals common in soils and sediments. Soil Sci Soc Am J 44:462–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wright AL (2009) Phosphorus sequestration in soil aggregates after long-term tillage and cropping. Soil Tillage Res 103:406–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Xavier FAS, Almeida EF, Cardoso IM, Mendonca ES (2011) Soil phosphorus distribution in sequentially extracted fractions in tropical coffee-agroecosystems in the Atlantic Forest biome, Southeastern Brazil. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 89:31–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zhang Q, Wang GH, Feng YK, Sun QZ, Witt C, Dobermann A (2006) Changes in soil phosphorus fractions in a calcareous paddy soil under intensive cropping. Plant Soil 288:141–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dhram Prakash
    • 1
  • Dinesh Kumar Benbi
    • 1
  • Gurbachan Singh Saroa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil SciencePunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations