Advertisement

Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 92, Issue 1, pp 85–89 | Cite as

Phyto-chemical properties of Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng: an underutilised wild edible fruit from Cachar Hills, Assam

  • Pranjal Sarmah
  • Snehashish Dutta
  • Aniruddha Sarma
Article

Abstract

Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng., belonging to family cucurbitaceae, is a large climber generally found under wild growing condition in the Cachar hills region of Assam, India. The fruits of this tuberous plant are supposed to possess high nutritional and medicinal properties and have been widely used in many traditional medicine practices. The present study was carried out to scientifically validate the presence of nutritional property and antioxidant activity of Momordica cochinchinensis found in this part of India. The experimental result reveals that the fruits have a high nutraceutical property and a considerable amount of antioxidative activity as the IC50 value was found to be 294.13 ± 0.46 μg/ml.

Keywords

Momordica cochinchinensis DPPH Antioxidant activity Phenolic content Ascorbic acid Gallic acid 

Supplementary material

10457_2016_16_MOESM1_ESM.docx (12 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 11 kb)

References

  1. Halliwell B, Gutteridge JMC (1999) Free radicals in biology and medicine, 3rd edn. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Hedge JE, Hofreiter BT (1962) In: Whistler RL, Be Miller JN (eds) Carbohydrate chemistry, vol 17. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Khalaf NA, Shakya AK, Al-Othman A, El-Agbar Z, Farah H (2008) Antioxidant activity of some common plants. Turk J Biol 32:51–55Google Scholar
  4. Kubola J, Siriamornpun S (2011) Phytochemicals and antioxidant activity of different fruit fractions (peel, pulp, aril and seed) of Thai gac (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng). Food Chem 127:1138–1145CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ (1951) Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 193:265–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Luximon-Ramma A, Bahorun T, Crozier A (2003) Antioxidant actions and phenolic and vitamin C contents of common Mauritian exotic fruits. J Sci Food Agri 83:496–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Maynard AJ (ed) (1970) Methods in food analysis. Academic Press, New York, p 176Google Scholar
  8. Prior RL, Cao G, Martin A, Sofic E, McEwen J, O’Brien C, Lischner N, Ehlenfeldt M, Kalt W, Krewer G, Mainland CM (1998) Antioxidant capacity as influenced by total phenolic and anthocyanin content, maturity and variety of Vaccinium species. J Agric Food Chem 46:2686–2693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sadasivam S, Balasubraminan Theymoli (1987) Practical manual in biochemistry. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, p 14Google Scholar
  10. Sarmah P, Baishya D (2013) Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis and Diospyros malabarica Kostel. Int J Pharm Bio Sci. 5(1):199–204 (ISSN 0975-6299) Google Scholar
  11. Sarmah P, Sarma A, Kashyap D, Mahanta M, Medhi P (2014a) Nutraceutical properties of Stellaria media (L.) Vill. and Persicaria chinensis (L.) H. grown under Brahmaputra valley agro-climatic condition. Ann. Plant Sci 3(08):779–782 (ISSN: 2287-688X) Google Scholar
  12. Sarmah P, Sarma A, Kalita A, Kashyap D, Choudhury SS (2014b) Nutraceutical properties and antioxidant activity of Oldenlandia corymbosa L. found in Brahmaputra valley agro-climatic conditions. WJPPS 3(9):586–592 (ISSN 2278-4357) Google Scholar
  13. Singleton VL, Rossi JA (1965) Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. Am J Enol Vitic 16:144–158Google Scholar
  14. Wang H, Cao G, Prior RL (1996) Total antioxidant capacity of fruits. J Agric Food Chem 44:701–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pranjal Sarmah
    • 1
  • Snehashish Dutta
    • 2
  • Aniruddha Sarma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, Institutional Biotech HubPandu CollegeGuwahatiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyPandu CollegeGuwahatiIndia

Personalised recommendations