Provenance variation in survival, growth and dry matter partitioning of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R.Br. ex G.Don seedlings in response to water stress

Abstract

The effects of drought stress on growth and dry matter partitioning of seven provenances of Parkia biglobosa were assessed in a nursery experiment. Three different water regimes were applied: soil high, medium and low water content (HWC, MWC and LWC) corresponding respectively to 100, 75 and 50 % of field capacity. A split-plot experimental design was applied with the provenance as main plot and the water regime as sub-plot, replicated three times. Each provenance was represented by 30 seedlings in each replication, corresponding to three test periods with ten seedlings each (6, 12 and 18 months after water stress started). There were significant interactions between provenance and water regime for survival rate and the relative growth rates of diameter and height. After 18 months, the dry matter mean was 20.00 ± 0.65 g for the HWC regime, 11.50 ± 2.90 g for the MWC regime while all plants in the LWC regime died. After 6 months, the accumulated water use efficiency (WUE) showed significant differences between water regimes, but not between provenances. Seedlings from the LWC regime showed higher WUE than those from the MWC regime. However, the HWC regime displayed the highest mean value of WUE. Despite differences between provenances, it was not possible to clearly separate them according to the geographical position or climatic parameters, based on the growth performance or both fresh to dry weight and shoot to root dry weight ratios.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Aho N, Daudet FA, Vartanian N (1979) Evolution de la photosynthèse nette et de l’efficience de la transpiration au cours d’un cycle de dessèchement du sol. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l’Académie des sciences, Série D 288:501–504

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Ali M, Jensen CR, Mogensen VO, Andersen MN, Henson IE (1999) Root signalling and osmotic adjustment during intermittent soil drying sustain grain yield of field grown wheat. Field Crops Res 62:35–52

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Allen CD et al (2010) A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. For Ecol Manag 259(2010):660–684

    Google Scholar 

  4. Anyamba A, Tucker CJ (2005) Analysis of Sahelian vegetation dynamics using NOAA-AVHRR NDVI data from 1981 to 2003. J Arid Environ 63:596–614

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Arbonnier M (2000) Arbres, arbustes et lianes des zones sèches d’Afrique de l’Ouest. CIRAD-MNHN

  6. Barros LM, Barbosa DCA (1995) Growth of Acacia farnesiana in a greenhouse. Phyton-Buenos-Aires 57(2):179–191

  7. Boukerker H (2007) L’influence des substrats de culture sur l’enracinement de plants sous abri. These de Magister. Université Colonel El Hadj Lakhdar, Batna

    Google Scholar 

  8. Canham CD, Berkowitz AR, Kelly VR, Lovett GM, Ollinger SV, Schnurr J (1996) Biomass allocation and multiple resource limitation in tree seedlings. Can J For Res 26:1521–1530

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Chaves Manuela M, Maroco Joao P, Pereira Joao S (2003) Understanding plant responses to drought: from genes to the whole plant. Funct Plant Biol 30(3):239–264

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Cheruth AJ, Ragupathi G, Beemarao S, Muthiah G, Rajaram P (2008) Differential responses in water use efficiency in two varieties of Catharanthus roseus under drought stress. C R Biol 331:42–47

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Chunying Y, Youhong P, Runguo Z, Yaping Z, Chunyang L (2005) Adaptive responses of Populus kangdingensis to drought stress. Physiol Plantarum 123(4):445–451

    Google Scholar 

  12. Elfeel AA, Warrag EI, Musnad HA (2007) Response of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. seedlings from varied geographical source to imposed drought stress. Discov Innov 184:319–325

    Google Scholar 

  13. Ericsson T (1995) Growth and shoot: root ratio of seedlings in relation to nutrient availability. Plant Soil 168(169):205–214

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Gindaba J, Rozanov A, Negash L (2005) Photosynthetic gas exchange, growth and biomass allocation of two eucalyptus and three indigenous tree species of Ethiopia under moisture deficit. For Ecol Manag 205(1–3):127–138

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Hall AE, Richards RA, Condon AG, Wright GC, Farquhar GD (1994) Carbon isotope discrimination and plant breeding. Plant Breed Rev 12:81–113

    Google Scholar 

  16. Hall JB, Thomlinson HF, Oni PI, Buchy M, Aebischer DP (1997) A monograph of Parkia biglobosa. School of Agricultural and Forest Sciences Publication No 9, University of Wales, Bangor

  17. Hay RKM, Porter JR (2006) The physiology of crop yield. OUP, Oxford, UK

  18. Hoffmann WA, Porter H (2002) Avoiding bias in calculations of relative growth rate. Annals Bot 80:37–42

    Google Scholar 

  19. Hopkins HC, White F (1984) The ecology and chorology of Parkia in Africa. Bull Jardin Botanique Naturelle Belgique 54:235–266

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Hsiao TC, Acevedo E (1974) Plant responses to water deficits, water-use efficiency, and drought resistance. Agric Meteorol 14:59–84

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Hunt R (1982) Plan growth curves: the functional approach to plant growth analysis. Edward Arnold, London, UK

  22. IPCC (2007a) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 385–432

    Google Scholar 

  23. IPCC (2007b) Climate change 2007: Synthesis Report. Adopted section by section at IPCC Plenary XXVII. Valencia, 12–17 Nov 2007

  24. Joly RJ, Adams WT, Stafford SG (1989) Phenological and morphological responses of mesic and dry site sources of coastal Douglas-fir to water deficit. For Sci 35:987–1005

    Google Scholar 

  25. Junk WJ (2002) Long-term environmental trends and the future of tropical wetlands. Environ Conserv 29(4):414–435

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Karacic A, Weih M (2006) Variation in growth and resource utilisation among eight poplar clones grown under different irrigation and fertilisation regimes in Sweden. Biomass Bioenergy 30(2):115–124

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Kelly BA, Cuny P (2000) Plantation d’espèces forestières locales sur sol hydromorphe: Bilan d’une expérimentation sylvicole au sud du Mali. Chronique internationale. Revue Forestière Française. Chronique internationale. Revue Forestière Française 5:453–466

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Kozlowski TT, Pallardy SG (2002) Acclimation and adaptive responses of woody plants to environmental stresses. Bot Rev 68(2):270–334

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Ky-Dembele C, Tigabu M, Bayala J, Ouedraogo SJ, Ode′n PC (2007) The relative importance of different regeneration mechanisms in a selectively cut savanna-woodland in Burkina Faso, West Africa. For Ecol Manag 243:28–38

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Ky-Dembele C, Bayala J, Savadogo P, Tigabu M, Odén PC, Boussim IJ (2010) Comparison of growth responses of Khaya senegalensis seedlings and stecklings to four irrigation regimes. Silva Fennica 44(5):787–798

    Google Scholar 

  31. Lamien N, Bayala J (1994) Espèces ligneuses des parcs agroforestiers du terroir de Yasso: fonctions dans le système de production agricole et stratégies de leur gestion rapport de recherche. INERA, Bobo-Dioulasso

    Google Scholar 

  32. Lamien N, Sidibe A, Bayala J (1996) Use and commercialization of non-timber forest products in western Burkina Faso. In: Leakey RRB, Temu AB, Melnyk M (eds) Domestication and commercialization of Non-Timber Forest Products in Agroforestry systems. FAO, Rome. Non-wood Forest Products 9, pp 51–63

  33. Larsen AS (2010) Gene flow and genetic structure in wild fruit trees: DNA-marker based studies of Adansonia digitata, Vitellaria paradoxa, Parkia biglobosa and Malus sysvestris. PhD thesis, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  34. Li FL, Bao WK, Wu N (2009) Effects of water stress on growth, dry matter allocation and water-use efficiency of a leguminous species, Sophora davidii. Agrofor Syst 77:193–201

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Lin D, Wei LJ, Ying Z (1993) Checking the Cox model with cumulative sums of martingale-based residuals. Biometrika 80:557–572

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Luvaha E, Netondo GW, Ouma G (2007) Responses of mango (Magnifera indica) root stock seedlings to water stress. Int J Bot. doi:10.3923/ijb.2007.373.378

  37. McDowell N, Pockman WT, Allen CD, Breshears DD, Cobb N, Kolb T, Plaut J, Sperry J, West A, Williams DG, Yepez EA (2008) Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought? New Phytol 178:719–739

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Miao SL, Zou CB, Breshears DD (2009) Vegetation responses to extreme hydrological events: sequence matters. Am Nat 173:113–118

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Ministère de l’Environnement et du Cadre de Vie, MECV/BF (2007) Plan d’Action Nationale d’Adaptation à la Variabilité et aux Changements Climatiques (PANA du Burkina Faso). Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

  40. Namirembe S, Brook RM, Ong CK (2009) Manipulating phenology and water relations in Senna spectabilis in a water limited environment in Kenya. Agrofor Syst 75(3):197–210

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Nicholson SE, Davenport ML, Malo AR (1990) A comparison of the vegetation response to rainfall in the Sahel and East Africa, using normalized difference vegetation index from NOAA AVHRR. Clim Chang 17:209–241

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. Olsson L (2008) Greening of the Sahel. Retrieved 29 Mar 2009 from http://www.eoearth.org/article/Greening_of_the_Sahel. (Accessed 10 June 2011)

  43. Oni PI (2008) Initial evaluation of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq. Benth) provenances from West African countries. Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria in http://www2.bioversityinternational.org/publications/1277/PDF/Initial.pdf. Accessed on 24 Nov 2010

  44. Ouédraogo AS (1995) Parkia biglobosa (Leguminosae) en Afrique de l’Ouest: Biosystématique et Amélioration. Thèse, Université d’agronomie de Wageningen

  45. Paz H (2003) Root/shoot allocation and root architecture in seedlings: variations among forest sites, microhabitats, and ecological groups. Biotropica 35:318–332

    Google Scholar 

  46. Ræbild A, Hansen UB, Kambou S (2011) Regeneration of Vitellaria paradoxa and Parkia biglobosa in a Parkland in Southern Burkina Faso. Agrofor Syst. doi:10.1007/s10457-011-9397-0

    Google Scholar 

  47. Roupsard O (1997) Ecophysiologie et diversité génétique de Faidherbia albida (Del.) A. Chev. (syn. Acacia albida Del.), un arbre à usages multiples d’Afrique semi-aride. Fonctionnement hydrique et efficience d’utilisation de l’eau d’arbres adultes en parc agroforestier et de juvéniles en conditions semi-contrôlées. Tome 1: Partie Svnthèse. Doctoral thesis. Université H. Poincaré de Nancy 1-France

  48. Roupsard O, Joly HI, Dreyer E (1998) Variability of initial growth, water-use efficiency and carbon isotope discrimination in seedlings of Faidherbia albida (Del.) A. Chev., a multipurpose tree of semi-arid Africa. Provenance and drought effects. Annales des sciences forestières 55(3):329–348

  49. Sakalauskaite J, Kviklys D, Lanauskas J, Duchovskis P (2006) Biomass production, dry weight partitioning and leaf area of apple rootstocks under drought stress. Sodininkyste Ir Darzininkyste 25(3):283–291

    Google Scholar 

  50. Sanon Z (2009) Fonctionnement physiologique du karité (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. F Hepper) sous différents régimes d′eau. Engineer Degree Thesis, Université Polytechnique, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

  51. Sánchez-Coronado ME, Coates R, Castro-Colina L et al (2007) Improving seed germination and seedling growth of Omphalea oleifera (Euphorbiaceae) for restoration projects in tropical rain forests. For Ecol Manag 243(1):144–155

    Google Scholar 

  52. Sheffield J, Wood EF (2008) Global trends and variability in soil moisture and drought characteristics, 1950–2000, from observation-driven simulations of the terrestrial hydrologic cycle. J Clim 21(3):432–458

    Article  Google Scholar 

  53. Sina S (2006) Reproduction et diversité génétique chez Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R.Br. ex G.Don. PhD thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen. ISBN 90-8504-361-1, p 118

  54. Sterl A, Severijns C, Dijkstra H, Hazeleger W, Jan van Oldenborgh G, van den Broeke M, Burgers G, van den Hurk B, Jan van Leeuwen P, van Velthoven P (2008) When can we expect extremely high surface temperatures? Geophys Res Lett 35:L14703. doi:10.1029/2008GL034071

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. Teklehaimanot Z (2004) Exploiting the potential of indigenous agroforestry trees: Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa in sub-Saharan Africa. Agrofor Syst 61:207–220

    Article  Google Scholar 

  56. Teklehaimanot Z, Lanek J, Tomlinson HF (1998) Provenance variation in morphology and leaflet anatomy of Parkia biglobosa and its relation to drought tolerance. Trees 13:96–102

    Google Scholar 

  57. Ward RC, Robinson M (2000) Principles of hydrology, 4th edn. McGraw-Hill, London

    Google Scholar 

  58. Yang F, Miao LF (2010) Adaptive responses to progressive drought stress in two poplar species originating from different altitudes. Silva Fennica 44(1):23–37

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was done under the project NuTree (Improving food potential in West African Parkland trees), financed by Danida. Special thanks to Gnoumou Augustin, Ilboudo Harouna, Bazié Paulin, Yonli Hermann, Diasso Ousmane, Kaboré Abel from INERA/DPF and Oubida Regis from CNSF for their support in the data collection.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Z. H-N. Bouda.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Bouda, Z.HN., Bayala, J., Markussen, B. et al. Provenance variation in survival, growth and dry matter partitioning of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R.Br. ex G.Don seedlings in response to water stress. Agroforest Syst 87, 59–71 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-012-9521-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Drought tolerance
  • Sahel
  • Shoot–root ratio
  • Relative growth rate