Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 291–303 | Cite as

Participatory agroforestry development for restoring degraded sloping land in DPR Korea

  • Jianchu Xu
  • Meine van Noordwijk
  • Jun He
  • Kwang-Ju Kim
  • Ryong-Song Jo
  • Kon-Gyu Pak
  • Un-Hui Kye
  • Jong-Sik Kim
  • Kwon-Mu Kim
  • Yong-Nam Sim
  • Je-Un Pak
  • Ki-Ung Song
  • Yong-Song Jong
  • Kwang-Chol Kim
  • Chol-Jun Pang
  • Myong-Hyok Ho
Article

Abstract

Participatory approaches in agroforestry combine land, labor, and knowledge, by blending local experience with external expert support for sloping land restoration. We describe and analyze over a decade of bottom-up agroforestry development processes that today are influencing national policies. In the 1990s, after economic upheaval following the collapse of trade with the USSR (Soviet Union) rapid conversion of sloping lands to agriculture, in association with heavy rainfall events, caused widespread erosion and landslides. In response, pilot scale ‘user groups’ obtained rights-to-use, rights-to-harvest and rights-to-plan or access to sloping lands for tree products and food. All three rights were novel in the DPR Korea and jointly contributed to success, together with active research support. Innovations in double-cropping annual food crops together with non-competitive contour strips of valuable fruits (aronia berry: Aronia melanocarpa) and/or high-value timber (larch: Larix leptolepis) emerged as preferred local agroforestry systems. Broad support for agroforestry practices has now emerged within the Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection as well as a number of universities and research centres. Further development will require increased engagement with agricultural and horticultural agencies, while the social dimensions of participatory agroforestry continue to provide rich learning.

Keywords

Aronia Double-cropping Land use rights Larix Restoration 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianchu Xu
    • 1
  • Meine van Noordwijk
    • 2
  • Jun He
    • 1
  • Kwang-Ju Kim
    • 3
  • Ryong-Song Jo
    • 3
  • Kon-Gyu Pak
    • 11
  • Un-Hui Kye
    • 3
  • Jong-Sik Kim
    • 4
  • Kwon-Mu Kim
    • 5
  • Yong-Nam Sim
    • 5
  • Je-Un Pak
    • 6
  • Ki-Ung Song
    • 7
  • Yong-Song Jong
    • 8
  • Kwang-Chol Kim
    • 9
  • Chol-Jun Pang
    • 10
  • Myong-Hyok Ho
    • 3
  1. 1.World Agroforestry CentreKunmingChina
  2. 2.World Agroforestry CentreBogorIndonesia
  3. 3.Project Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental ProtectionPyongyangDPR Korea
  4. 4.North Hwanghae Provincial Forest Management BoardSariwonDPR Korea
  5. 5.Institute of Economic Forest Plantation, Academy of Forestry SciencesPyongyangDPR Korea
  6. 6.Wonsan University of AgricultureWonsanDPR Korea
  7. 7.Sariwon Kye Ung Sang University of AgricultureSariwonDPR Korea
  8. 8.Life Science College, Kim Il Sung UniversityPyongyangDPR Korea
  9. 9.Institute of Geography, National Academy of SciencesPyongyangDPR Korea
  10. 10.Institute of Land Use Planning, Ministry of Land and Environmental ProtectionPyongyangDRP Korea
  11. 11.Central Forestry Designing and Technical InstitutePyongyangDPR Korea

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