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Acta Mechanica Sinica

, 27:559 | Cite as

Dynamic fracture toughness of high strength metals under impact loading: increase or decrease

  • Ze-Jian XuEmail author
  • Yu-Long Li
Research Paper

Abstract

An elusive phenomenon is observed in previous investigations on dynamic fracture that the dynamic fracture toughness (DFT) of high strength metals always increases with the loading rate on the order of TPa·m1/2·s−1. For the purpose of verification, variation of DFT with the loading rate for two high strength steels commonly used in the aviation industry, 30CrMnSiA and 40Cr, is studied in this work. Results of the experiments are compared, which were conducted on the modified split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) apparatus, with striker velocities ranging from 9.2 to 24.1 m/s and a constant value of 16.3 m/s for 30CrMnSiA and 40Cr, respectively. It is observed that for 30CrMn-SiA, the crack tip loading rate increases with the increase of the striker velocity, while the fracture initiation time and the DFT simultaneously decrease. However, in the tests of 40Cr, there is also an increasing tendency of DFT, similar to other reports. Through an in-depth investigation on the relationship between the dynamic stress intensity factor (DSIF) and the loading rate, it is concluded that the generally increasing tendency in previous studies could be false, which is induced from a limited striker velocity domain and the errors existing in the experimental and numerical processes. To disclose the real dependency of DFT on the loading rate, experiments need to be performed in a comparatively large striker velocity range.

Keywords

Dynamic fracture Fracture toughness Loading rate effect Hopkinson pressure bar High strength metal 

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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and TechnologyBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

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