Advertisement

EcoHealth

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 871–874 | Cite as

Prospective Serosurvey of Coxiella burnetii Antibodies in Selected Sheep of Portugal

  • Rita Cruz
  • Fernando Esteves
  • Carmen Vasconcelos-Nóbrega
  • Carla Santos
  • Ana Sofia Ferreira
  • Ana Cristina Mega
  • Ana Claudia Coelho
  • Helena Vala
  • João Rodrigo MesquitaEmail author
Short Communication

Abstract

Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii that is highly prevalent across the world. In this study, a prospective serosurvey was performed to study C. burnetii circulation in a population of sheep in the central region of Portugal. Blood from a representative sample of 168 animals was drawn in both 2015 and 2016, and sera were tested for IgG anti-C. burnetii by EIA. In 2015, 7.7% (13/168) animals tested positive for IgG anti-C. burnetii, while in 2016, 17.3% (29/168) tested positive, showing a statistically significant (P = 0.008) increase in anti-C. burnetii seroprevalence. Results support the notion that Q fever is emerging in central Portugal.

Keywords

Q fever Coxiella burnetii Portugal Emergence 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is financed by national funds through FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, I.P., under the project UID/Multi/04016/2016 and FCT Bilateral project (Proc° 441.00 SERVIA). Furthermore, we would like to thank the Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, CI&DETS, for their support and FCT, FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-009525; IPV, CI&DETS, FCT and QREN/FEDER (Ovislab ICT-2013-05-004-5314 ID-64757; rumDISEASE PROJ/CI&DETS/2016/0023, SBMERGE PROJ/CI&DETS/CGD/009 and HEALTHY-ValorWhey PROJ/CI&DETS/CGD/007). This work is supported by European Investment Funds by FEDER/COMPETE/POCI—Operacional Competitiveness and Internacionalization Programme, under Project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006958, and National Funds by FCT—Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, under the project UID/AGR/04033/2013. Furthermore, we would like to thank UTAD and CITAB for their support.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

None.

References

  1. Alves J, Almeida F, Duro R, Ferraz R, Silva S, Sobrinho-Simões J, Sarmento A. Presentation and diagnosis of acute Q fever in Portugal—A case series. IDCases 2016; 7:34-37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anastácio S, Tavares N, Carolino N, Sidi-Boumedine K, da Silva GJ. Serological evidence of exposure to Coxiella burnetii in sheep and goats in central Portugal. Veterinary Microbiology 2013; 27:500-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Angelakis E, Raoult D. Q Fever. Veterinary Microbiology 2010. 27:297-309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arricau-Bouvery N, Rodolakis A. Is Q fever an emerging or re-emerging zoonosis? Veterinary Research 2005; 36:327-49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. DGS (2015) Direção-Geral da Saúde. Doenças de Notificação Obrigatória (1999 a 2013). PortugalGoogle Scholar
  6. ECDC (2014) Surveillance report annual epidemiological report—emerging and vector-borne diseasesGoogle Scholar
  7. Georgiev M, Afonso A, Neubauer H, Needham H, Thiery R, Rodolakis A, Roest H, Stark K, Stegeman J, Vellema P, van der Hoek W, More S (2013) Q fever in humans and farm animals in four European countries, 1982 to 2010. Euro Surveill; 18:20407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Mori M, Roest HJ. Farming, Q fever and public health: agricultural practices and beyond. Archives Public Health 2018. 6;76:2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Seo M-G, I-O Ouh, S-H Lee, JW Kim, MH Rhee, O-D Kwon, T-H Kim, and D Kwak (2017) Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in cattle at South Korean national breeding stock farms. PLoS One; 12:e0177478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Van den Brom R, van Engelen E, Roest HI, van der Hoek W, Vellema P. Coxiella burnetii infections in sheep or goats: an opinionated review. Veterinary Microbiology 2015; 181, 1–2:119-129CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EcoHealth Alliance 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rita Cruz
    • 1
  • Fernando Esteves
    • 1
  • Carmen Vasconcelos-Nóbrega
    • 1
  • Carla Santos
    • 1
  • Ana Sofia Ferreira
    • 2
  • Ana Cristina Mega
    • 1
  • Ana Claudia Coelho
    • 3
  • Helena Vala
    • 1
    • 4
  • João Rodrigo Mesquita
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Studies in Education and Health Technologies (CI&DETS), Agrarian School of ViseuPolytechnic Institute of ViseuViseuPortugal
  2. 2.Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of OportoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Animal and Veterinary Research Centre (CECAV)University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto DouroVila RealPortugal
  4. 4.Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB)University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto DouroVila RealPortugal
  5. 5.Epidemiology Research Unit (EPIUnit), Institute of Public HealthUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations