The prevalence of disability and contributory factors in Turkey’s Southeastern Anatolia region



To determine the prevalence, types, time of disability, and the factors leading to disability in all age groups in the population.

Subject and methods

A cross-sectional design was used to study a group of 1069 people in the center of Hazro province in Turkey’s Southeastern Anatolia Region. Data were collected by visiting 199 households and by face-to-face questionnaire. A survey form for households and a Disabled Person Evaluation Form were used.


Of the participants, 55.7% were male, 27.1% primary school graduates, and 39.5% were married. The frequency of consanguineous marriages in the region was 44.6%. The prevalence of disability was determined as 13.8%. The most common types of disability are; chronic visceral disorders (56.0%), skeletal system disorders (29.8%), hearing disorders (13.5%). It was determined that 21.6% of the disabled were born with disabilities, and for 78.4% it occurred after birth. The prevalence of congenital disabilities in those with consanguineous marriage of parents (p = 0.000) and those with disabilities in family history (p < 0.05) was higher than that of the non-disabled.


Disability prevalence was higher than the average in Turkey. It has been determined that chronic diseases are common in the society; most of the disabilities occur after birth and genetic disorders, and consanguineous marriages are an important problem.

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This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not for profit sectors.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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Correspondence to Muhammed Arca.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

In order for the research to be conducted, the Ethics Research Board of the Dicle University Faculty of Medicine gave approval. Permission was obtained from the Hazro District Office for the execution of the work. Participants were informed about the study and signed a written informed consent form stating that they agreed to participate. The use of human beings within the 1964 Helsinki Declaration requires protection of personal rights, so the “Informed Consent Principle”, “Volunteering Principle” and “Protecting Privacy Principle” were complied with, within the framework of relevant ethical principles.

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Conference presentation

Arca M., Saka G. (2018). The prevalance of disability in the Hazro district and the contributory factors. 17th International Eastern Mediterranean Family Medicine Congress. Adana, Turkey, May 10-13.

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Arca, M., Saka, G. The prevalence of disability and contributory factors in Turkey’s Southeastern Anatolia region. J Public Health (Berl.) (2020).

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  • Chronic diseases
  • Consanguinity
  • Disability
  • Epidemiology