Explaining the causes of crystal addiction in Tehran: a qualitative approach

Abstract

Aims

The purpose of this study was to explain the causes of crystal (meth) addiction in Tehran.

Methods

This research was qualitative and was carried out using content analysis and deep and semi-structured interview technique. The study populations consisted of crystal addicts in Tehran, Iran. Sampling was done using snowball and purposive sampling technique. Finally, 20 people were interviewed until data saturation and then the data were coded and analyzed.

Results

In the process of data analysis and coding, nine main categories of causes of crystal addiction appeared, which were: predisposing psychological characteristics, role model(s), peer influences, lack of proper family monitoring, easy access and ease of use, triggering events, positive attitudes toward crystal, responding to a particular need, and enjoying the first use.

Conclusions

Raising the awareness and attitude of young people and their families about crystal, teaching families how to properly supervise their children and the behaviors of their friends, as well as increasing social support in times of life crisis, could significantly tend to reduce the use of crystal in the community.

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Acknowledgements

The present study (94-03-27-26432) was approved by the Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology of Iran University of Medical Sciences. The researchers express their gratitude to the participants for sharing their experiences. We would like to thank all participants for their participation in this study, as well as the experts without whose support this study would not have been possible.

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Correspondence to Morteza Mansourian.

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Ethical approval was obtained from the ethics committee of the university. All information collected from this study was kept strictly confidential. All procedures performed in the study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the university research and ethics committee. Consent for participation was understood by completion and submission of the survey.

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Yoosefi Lebni, J., Ziapour, A., Qorbani, M. et al. Explaining the causes of crystal addiction in Tehran: a qualitative approach. J Public Health (Berl.) 29, 95–101 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-019-01093-1

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Keywords

  • Crystal
  • Addiction
  • Tehran
  • Qualitative approach
  • Content analysis
  • Interview