Epidemiological and rehabilitation analyses of patients with hearing disabilities of Uyghur and Han Chinese ethnicities in Xinjiang, China: a comparative study
- 42 Downloads
The main objective of this study was to explore the differences in epidemiological characteristics and rehabilitation needs between Uyghur and Han Chinese ethnicities, with a view to providing a foundation for the development of effective hearing-disability rehabilitation policies in Xinjiang, China. We conducted a population-based epidemiological study. The epidemiological characteristics of the aural disabilities were examined and demand for aural rehabilitation services evaluated. We further investigated the demographic characteristics of the hearing-disability populations from different ethnic communities in Xinjiang and the social-environmental support provided.
Subjects and methods
Subjects were randomly selected from individuals aged 2 years and above with a hearing disability who were registered in the Xinjiang Disabled Persons’ Federation. Analyses were performed on two population groups (Uyghur and Han Chinese ethnicities) in Xinjiang, China. Subjects were selected via simple random sampling, and the χ2 test was used for data analysis.
Our results disclosed a higher prevalence of hearing disabilities in males than females. Moreover, the recovery service demand rate of patients from Southern Xinjiang was higher than that of individuals from Northern Xinjiang. The collective findings strongly highlight the overall need to focus on meeting the high demand for barrier-free facilities and assistive devices.
Rehabilitation services offered by the government are not in line with demand. Comprehensive assessment of the rehabilitation requirements of hearing-disability patients, systematic provision of adequate services and training of technical personnel are important measures that should be adopted to alter the present situation and improve treatment options for hearing disabilities in China.
KeywordsEpidemiological Rehabilitation Hearing disability Xinjiang
We are grateful to all the study participants in addition to the researchers, clinicians, technicians and administrative staff involved in this research. We thank International Science Editing for professional language editing of the manuscript.
LW had full access to all data and was responsible for the integrity of the data and accuracy of analysis. HY contributed to the study supervision. LW, QL, YC and HY contributed to the study concept and design. LW and HY collected the data. LW and AA conducted statistical analyses with input from QL, YC and HY. LW and HY wrote the first draft. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
The study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University prior to commencement.
Informed written consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Huang L.N. (2007) Bulletin of the second national survey on disability in Xinjiang in 2006. http://www.ts.cn/special/content/2007-07/16/content_2071961.htm (in Chinese)
- Li LX, Zhang L (2000) Hearing disability survey in Mongolia. J Audiol Speech Pathol 8:239–240 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Liu C, Bu XK (2005) An epidemiological study of hearing loss. Chin J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 40(10):795–797Google Scholar
- National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China (2016) Second Bulletin of the main data of the 2006 sample survey on disability and its description . http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2006-12/01/content_5419388.htm
- Office of the second national survey on disability (2007) Manual of the second national survey on disability in China. Huaxia Publishing House in Beijing 33–34 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Statistic Bureau of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (2016) The number of ethnic minorities in Major Years. http://www.xjtj.gov.cn/sjcx/tjnj_3415/2015xjtjnj/rkyjy_2015/201603/t20160315_492327.html (in Chinese)
- Sun XB, Li XQ, Zhang H (2006) Introduction of the standard of hearing disability in the second sample survey of disabled persons in China. J Audiol Speech Pathol 14:447–448 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Sun XB, Wei ZY, Yu LM, Wang Q, Liang W (2008) Prevalence and etiology of people with hearing impairments in China. Chin J Epidemiol 29:643–646 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- World Health Organization (2012) WHO global estimates on prevalence of hearing loss. http://www.who.int/pbd/deafness/estimates