Epidemiological and rehabilitation analyses of patients with hearing disabilities of Uyghur and Han Chinese ethnicities in Xinjiang, China: a comparative study
The main objective of this study was to explore the differences in epidemiological characteristics and rehabilitation needs between Uyghur and Han Chinese ethnicities, with a view to providing a foundation for the development of effective hearing-disability rehabilitation policies in Xinjiang, China. We conducted a population-based epidemiological study. The epidemiological characteristics of the aural disabilities were examined and demand for aural rehabilitation services evaluated. We further investigated the demographic characteristics of the hearing-disability populations from different ethnic communities in Xinjiang and the social-environmental support provided.
Subjects and methods
Subjects were randomly selected from individuals aged 2 years and above with a hearing disability who were registered in the Xinjiang Disabled Persons’ Federation. Analyses were performed on two population groups (Uyghur and Han Chinese ethnicities) in Xinjiang, China. Subjects were selected via simple random sampling, and the χ2 test was used for data analysis.
Our results disclosed a higher prevalence of hearing disabilities in males than females. Moreover, the recovery service demand rate of patients from Southern Xinjiang was higher than that of individuals from Northern Xinjiang. The collective findings strongly highlight the overall need to focus on meeting the high demand for barrier-free facilities and assistive devices.
Rehabilitation services offered by the government are not in line with demand. Comprehensive assessment of the rehabilitation requirements of hearing-disability patients, systematic provision of adequate services and training of technical personnel are important measures that should be adopted to alter the present situation and improve treatment options for hearing disabilities in China.
KeywordsEpidemiological Rehabilitation Hearing disability Xinjiang
We are grateful to all the study participants in addition to the researchers, clinicians, technicians and administrative staff involved in this research. We thank International Science Editing for professional language editing of the manuscript.
LW had full access to all data and was responsible for the integrity of the data and accuracy of analysis. HY contributed to the study supervision. LW, QL, YC and HY contributed to the study concept and design. LW and HY collected the data. LW and AA conducted statistical analyses with input from QL, YC and HY. LW and HY wrote the first draft. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 81360158) and the Young Scientists Fellowship Program of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University (grant no. 200963) grants awarded to Dr. Yu Chen. Mr. Alim Aili was funded by a grant from the Humanities and Social Science Foundation of Xinjiang Medical University (grant no. 2016XYFG27). The fund providers made no contribution to the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
The study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University prior to commencement.
Informed written consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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