AnthracoporellaPalaeoaplysina mound in Upper Carboniferous mid-Panthalassan atoll-type carbonates in a Jurassic accretionary complex, central Japan

Abstract

The Carboniferous–Permian Kano-yama limestone in the Jurassic Chichibu Accretionary Complex, central Japan, contains an algal-microbial mound composed of Anthracoporella, Palaeoaplysina, Tubiphytes, Archaeolithoporella, and bryozoans. The limestone is characterized by abundant micrite, implying a low-energy back-reef depositional environment. The fusuline fauna includes Daixina sokensis, Carbonoschwagerina minatoi and C. morikawai, which are representative of the Gzhelian Stage of the Carboniferous. Anthracoporella and Palaeoaplysina are interpreted to be the main bafflers in the mound. The lower horizon of the mound is characterized by a binding structure of Tubiphytes, Archaeolithoporella and bryozoans, which enabled the formation of this Anthracoporella and Palaeoaplysina mound. Compared with the Akiyoshi–Taishaku limestone, a well-documented Panthalassan atoll-type carbonate, the occurrence of Palaeoaplysina is a common feature of these limestones. Based on their accretion ages, the Kano-yama limestone is estimated to have been located several thousand kilometers west of the Akiyoshi–Taishaku limestone in the Panthalassa Ocean during the latest Carboniferous. The occurrence of Palaeoaplysina in both the Akiyoshi–Taishaku and Kano-yama limestones indicates that the distribution of Palaeoaplysina, which is known to be a cool-water genus, extended over thousands of kilometers in the Panthalassa during the period of the Gondwana glaciation.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15

References

  1. Adachi S, Igo H (1999) Sphaeroschwagerina (Fusulinacea) from the Kanosan Limestone in the Kanto Mountains, Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Sci Rep Inst Geosci Univ Tsukuba Sect B Geol Sci 20:145–167

    Google Scholar 

  2. Algeo TJ, Heckel PH (2008) The Late Pennsylvanian Midcontinent Sea of North America: a review. Palaeogeogr, Palaeoclimat, Palaeoecol 268:205–221

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Anderson KD, Beauchamp B (2014) Paleobiology and paleoecology of Palaeoaplysina and Eopaleoaplysina new genus in Arctic Canada. J Paleontol 88:1056–1071

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Angiolini L, Campagna M, Borlenghi L, Grunt T, Vachard D, Vezzoli G, Vuolo I, Worthington J, Nicora A, Zanchi A (2016) Brachiopods from the Cisuralian-Guadalupian of Darvaz, Tajikistan and implications for Permian stratigraphic correlations. Palaeoworld 25:539–568

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Antoshkina A, Königshof P (2008) Lower Devonian reef structures in Russia: an example from the Urals. Facies 54:233–251

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Becker MJ, Dodd JR (1994) Depositional history of a Mississippian crinoidal mound on the east flank of the Illinois Basin. Carbonates Evaporites 9:76–88

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Chen Z, Shi GR, Yang W (2003) Internal structure and paleoecology of the lower Permian Uzunbulak reef complex of the Tarim Basin, northwest China. Facies 49:119–134

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Dawson O, Racey A (1993) Fusuline–calcareous algal biofacies of the Permian Ratburi Limestone, Saraburi, central Thailand. J SE Asian Earth Sci 8:49–65

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Dawson O, Baird A, Bosence D (1993) No reef-rimmed margins to the Permian carbonate platforms of Thailand. J SE Asian Earth Sci 8:181–186

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Dunhum RJ (1962) Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional texture. In: Ham, WE (ed) Classification of carbonate rocks, AAPG 1, pp1 08–121

    Google Scholar 

  11. Embry AF, Klovan JE (1971) A late Devonian reef tract on northeastern Banks Island, N.W.T. Bull Canadian Petrol Geol 19:730–781

    Google Scholar 

  12. Endo R (1951) Stratigraphical and paleontological studies of the later Paleozoic calcareous algae in Japan I. Several new species from the Sakamotozawa section, Hikoroichi-mura, Kesen-gun, in the Kitakami Mountainous Land. Trans Proc Paleontol Soci Japan. New Ser 4:121–129, pls. 10–11

  13. Endo R (1952a) Stratigraphical and paleontological studies of the later Paleozoic calcareous algae in Japan II —Several previously described species from the Sakamotozawa section, Hikoroichi-mura, Kesen-gun, in the Kitakami Mountainous Land—. Trans Proc Paleontol Soci Japan. New Ser 5:139–144

    Google Scholar 

  14. Endo R (1952b) Stratigraphical and Paleontological Studies of the Later Paleozoic Calcareous Algae in Japan, IV —Notes on the calcareous algae of the Omi limestone—. Trans Proc Paleontol Soc Japan New Ser 8:241–248, pls. 23

  15. Endo R (1953) Stratigraphical and paleontological studies of the later Paleozoic calcareous algae in Japan, VI. —Several interesting species from the Kwantô Mountains Land and a new genus from Kinshôzan, Akasaka, Gifu-ken—. Sci Rep Saitama Univ Ser B: Biology and Earth Sci 1:97–104, pls. 9

  16. Endo R (1956) Stratigraphical and paleontological studies of the later Paleozoic calcareous algae in Japan, X. Fossil algae from the Kwantô and Kitakami Mountains. Sci Rep Saitama Univ Ser B: Biology and Earth Sci 2:221–248, pls. 22–31

  17. Endo R (1957) Stratigraphical and paleontological studies of the later Paleozoic calcareous algae in Japan, XI. Fossil algae from the Taishaku district, Hiroshima-ken, and Kitami-no-kuni, Hokkaido. Sci Rep Saitama Univ Ser B: Biology and Earth Sci 2:279–305, pls. 37–44

  18. Endo R (1959) Stratigraphical and Paleontological Studies of the Later Paleozoic Calcareous Algae in Japan, XIV Fossil Algae from the Nyugawa Valley in the Hida Massif. Sci Rep Saitama Univ Ser B: Biology and Earth Sci 3:117–207

    Google Scholar 

  19. Endo K, Watanabe K (1993) Fusuline foraminifer from Futagoyama, Kanto Massif, central Japan. In: Kato M (ed) Report on the Carboniferous–Permian boundary. Cooperative Research Grant-in-Aid of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, Japanese Government, Japan, pp 184–212, pls, 1–7 (in Japanese)

  20. Flügel E (2010) Microfacies of carbonate rocks. Springer, Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

    Google Scholar 

  21. Flügel E, Kochansky-Devidé V, Ramovš A (1984) A Middle Permian calcisponge/algal/cement reef: Straža near Bled, Slovenia. Facies 10:179–255

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Fontaine H, Lys M, Tien ND (1988) Some Permian corals from East Peninsular Malaysia: associated microfossils, paleogeographic significance. J SE Asian Earth Sci 2:65–78

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Forke HC (2002) Biostratigraphic subdivision and correlation of Uppermost Carboniferous/Lower Permian sediments in the Southern Alps: fusulinoidean and conodont faunas from the Carnic Alps (Austria/Italy), Karavanke Mountains (Slovenia), and Southern Urals (Russia). Facies 47:201–275

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Franz J, Krahmann G, Lavik G, Grasse P, Dittmar T, Riebesell U (2012) Dynamics and stoichiometry of nutrients and phytoplankton in waters influenced by the oxygen minimum zone in the eastern tropical Pacific. Deep Sea Res Part I 62:20–31

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Fujimoto H (1935) Geological study of the northern Kanto Mountains (no. 2). J Geol Soci Japan 42:163–181 (in Japanese)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Gischler E, Lomando AJ (1999) Recent sedimentary facies of isolated carbonate platforms, Belize-Yucatan system, Central America. J Sediment Res 69:747–763

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Hashimoto K (1979) Bio- and Litho-facies of the Akiyoshi Limestone Group in the southern area of the Akiyoshi Plateau. Bull Akiyoshi-dai Mus Nat Hist 14:1–26, pls. 1–12 (in Japanese with English abstract)

  28. Hisada K, Kishida Y (1987) Earliest Jurassic radiolarian assemblage obtained from the Hebiki Formation of the northern Chichibu Belt in the Kanto Mountains, central Japan. J Geol Soc Japan 93:521–523 (in Japanese)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Huang Y, Chen Z, Zhao L, Stanley GD Jr, Yan J, Pei Y, Yang W, Huang J (2017) Restoration of reef ecosystems following the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary mass extinction: evidence from the Laibin area. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol, South China. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.08.027

    Google Scholar 

  30. Igawa T (2003) Microbial contribution to deposition of Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian seamount-top carbonates, Akiyoshi, Japan. Facies 48:61–78

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Isbell JL, Henry LC, Gulbranson EL, Limarino CO, Fraiser ML, Koch ZJ, Ciccioli PL, Dineen AA (2012) Glacial paradoxes during the late Paleozoic ice age: evaluating the equilibrium line altitude as a control on glaciation. Gondwana Res 22:1–19

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Isozaki Y (1996) Anatomy and genesis of a subduction-related orogen: a new view of geotectonic subdivision and evolution of the Japanese Islands. Island Arc 5:289–320

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Isozaki Y (1997) Jurassic accretion tectonics of Japan. Island Arc 6:25–51

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Isozaki Y, Maruyama S, Furuoka F (1990) Accreted oceanic materials in Japan. Tectonophys 181:179–205

    Google Scholar 

  35. Johnson JH (1963) Pennsylvanian and Permian algae. Quarterly of the Colorado School of Mines 58:1–211

    Google Scholar 

  36. Kamikawa Y, Hisada K, Sashida K, Igo H (1997) Geology of the Nanmoku area in the Chichibu Terrane, the northwestern part of the Kanto Mountains, central Japan. Sci Rep Inst Geosci Univ Tsukuba Sect B Geol Sci 18:19–38

    Google Scholar 

  37. Kanmera K (1958) Fusulinids from the Yayamadake Limestone of the Hikawa Valley, Kumamoto Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan. Part III. Mem Fac Sci Kyushu Univ Ser D Geol 6:153–215, pls. 24–35

  38. Kanmera K, Nishi H (1983) Accreted oceanic reef complex in southwest Japan. In: Hashimoto M, Uyeda S (eds) Accretion tectonics in the Circum-Pacific Regions. Terrapub, Tokyo, pp 195–206

    Google Scholar 

  39. Kanmera K, Sano H, Isozaki Y (1990) Akiyoshi Terrane. In: Ichikawa K, Mizutani S, Hara I, Hada S, Yao A (eds) Pre-Cretaceous terranes of Japan, IGCP Project No. 224: Pre-Jurassic Evolution of Eastern Asia, IGCP Project No. 224, Osaka, Japan, pp 49–62

  40. Kozur HW, Aydin M, Demir O, Yakar H, Göncüoglu MC, Kuru F (2000) New stratigraphic and palaeogeographic results from the Palaeozoic and early Mesozoic of the Middle Pontides (northern Turkey) in the Azdavay, Devrekani, Küre and Inebolu Areas: implications for the Carboniferous–Early Cretaceous geodynamic evolution and some related remarks to the Karakaya Oceanic Rift Basin. Geol Croat 53:209–268

    Google Scholar 

  41. Krainer K (1995) Anthracoporella mounds in the Late Carboniferous Auernig Group, Carnic Alps (Austria). Facies 33:195–214

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. Krainer K (2007) Late Paleozoic reef mounds of the Carnic Alps (Austria/Italy). Geobios 40:625–643

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Krainer K, Flügel E, Vachard D, Joachimski MM (2003) A close look at Late Carboniferous algal mounds: Schulterkofel, Carnic Alps, Austria. Facies 49:325–350

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Krotov P (1888) Geologicheskiya izsledovaniya na Zapodnom sklon Solikamskovo i Cherdynskagos Urala. Trudy Geologicheskago Komiteta 6:431–434

    Google Scholar 

  45. Leven EY (2009) The Upper Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) and Permian of the Western Tethys: fusulinids, stratigraphy, biostratigraphy. Transactions Geol Insti Russian Acad Sci 590:1–237 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  46. Machel HG, Hunter IG (1994) Facies models for middle to late Devonian shallow-marine carbonates, with comparisons to modern reefs: a guide for facies analysis. Facies 30:155–176

    Article  Google Scholar 

  47. Maslov VP (1956) Iskopaemye izvestkovye vodrosli SSR (Fossil calcareous algae of the USSR). Akademiya Nauk SSR, Trudy Instituta Geologicheskii Nauk (Transactions of the Academy of Sciences, USSR Geological Institute), Moscow

  48. Matsuoka A, Yamakita S, Sakakibara M, Hisada K (1998) Unit division for the Chichibu Composite Belt from a view point of accretionary tectonics and geology of western Shikoku, Japan. J Geol Soc Japan 104:634–653 (in Japanese with English abstract)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  49. Matthews KJ, Maloney KT, Zahirovic S, Williams SE, Seton M, Müller RD (2016) Global plate boundary evolution and kinematics since the late Paleozoic. Global Planet Change 146:226–250

    Article  Google Scholar 

  50. Merino-Tomé O, Bahamonde JR, Samankassou E, Villa E (2009) The influence of terrestrial run off on marine biotic communities: an example from a thrust-top carbonate ramp (Upper Pennsylvanian foreland basin, Picos de Europa, NW Spain). Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 278:1–23

    Article  Google Scholar 

  51. Mori R (1981) Fossil algae from the Kanô-san Limestone in the Kanto Mountains. Bull Tokyo College of Domestic Sci 21:23–27

    Google Scholar 

  52. Nagai K (1978) Litho- and bio-facies of reef limestones in the Ryugoho Area of the Akiyoshi Limestone Plateau. Bull Akiyoshi-dai Mus Nat Hist 13:15–34, pls. 9–16 (in Japanese with English abstract)

  53. Nagai K (1985) Reef-forming algal chaetetid boundstone found in the Akiyoshi Limestone Group, southwest Japan. Bull Akiyoshi-dai Mus Nat Hist 20:1–15, pls. 1–6

  54. Nakamura M, Nagai K (1985) Algae. In: Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum (ed) Fossils in Yamaguchi Prefecture —Paleozoic—, Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum, Yamaguchi, Japan, pp 289–327 (in Japanese)

  55. Nakazawa T, Ueno K (2009) Carboniferous-Permian long-term sea-level change inferred from Panthalassan oceanic atoll stratigraphy. Paleoworld 18:162–168

    Article  Google Scholar 

  56. Nakazawa T, Ueno K, Kawahata H, Fujikawa M (2011) Gzhelian-Asselian Palaeoaplysina–microencruster reef community in the Taishaku and Akiyoshi limestones, SW Japan: implications for Late Paleozoic reef evolution on mid-Panthalassan atolls. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 310:378–392

    Article  Google Scholar 

  57. Nakazawa T, Ueno K, Fujikawa M (2012) Middle Permian sponge-microencruster bioherms in the Akiyoshi Limestone, SW Japan: implications for Late Palaeozoic reef evolution on mid-Panthalassan atolls. Geol J 47:495–508

    Article  Google Scholar 

  58. Nakazawa T, Igawa T, Ueno K, Fujikawa M (2015a) Middle Permian sponge–microencruster reefal facies in the mid-Panthalassan Akiyoshi atoll carbonates: observations on a limestone slab. Facies 61:15

    Article  Google Scholar 

  59. Nakazawa T, Ueno K, Nonomura N, Fujikawa M (2015b) Microbial community from the Lower Permian (Artinskian–Kungurian) paleoclimatic transition, mid-Panthalassan Akiyoshi atoll, Japan. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 420:116–127

    Article  Google Scholar 

  60. Okubo M, Horiguchi M (1969) Geology of the Mamba district. Geological sheet map at 1:50,000, Geological Survey of Japan, Japan (in Japanese with English abstract)

  61. Onoue T, Stanley GD Jr (2008) Sedimentary facies from Upper Triassic reefal limestone of the Sambosan accretionary complex in Japan: mid-ocean patch reef development in the Panthalassa Ocean. Facies 54:529–547

    Article  Google Scholar 

  62. Ota M (1968) The Akiyoshi Limestone Group: a geosynclinal organic reef complex. Bull Akiyoshi-dai Sci Mus 5(1–44):1–31 (in Japanese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar 

  63. Parvizi T, Rashidi K, Vachard D (2013) Middle Permian calcareous algae and microproblematica (Dalan Formation, Dena Mountain, High Zagros, SW Iran). Facies 59:149–177

    Article  Google Scholar 

  64. Pia J (1920) Die Siphoneae verticillatae vom Karbon bis zur Kreide. Abh Zool Botan Ges Wien 11:1–263

    Google Scholar 

  65. Ponomarenko ES, Statsenko EO, Urazaeva MN (2014) A hydrozoan interpretation of Palaeoaplysina (enigmatic organisms) based on the canal arrangement and structure. Paleontol J 48:118–123

    Article  Google Scholar 

  66. Riding R (1993) Shamovella obscura: the current name for Tubiphytes obscurus (Fossil). Taxon 42:71–73

    Article  Google Scholar 

  67. Riding R, Guo L (1992) Affinity of Tubiphytes. Palaeontol 35:37–49

    Google Scholar 

  68. Ritter SM, Morris TH (1997) Oldest and lowest latitudinal occurrence of Palaeoaplysina; Middle Pennsylvanian Ely Limestone, Burbank Hills, Utah. Palaios 12:397–401

    Article  Google Scholar 

  69. Ryther JH (1969) Photosynthesis and fish production in the sea. Science 166:72–76

    Article  Google Scholar 

  70. Samankassou E (2002) Cool-water carbonates in a paleoequatorial shallow-water environment: the paradox of the Auernig cyclic sediments (Upper Pennsylvanian, Carnic Alps, Austria–Italy) and its implications. Geology 30:655–658

    Article  Google Scholar 

  71. Senowbari-Daryan B, Flügel E (1993) Tubiphytes Maslov, an enigmatic fossil: classification, fossil record and significance through time. Part I: discussion of Late Palaeozoic materials. Bollention della Società Paleontologica Italiana Special 1:353–382

    Google Scholar 

  72. Senowbari-Daryan B, Rashidi K, Hamedani A (2005) Sponge assemblage from the Permian reefal limestones of Kuh-e Bagh-e Vang, Shotori Mountains (eastern Iran). Geol Carpath 56:381–406

    Google Scholar 

  73. Seton M, Müller RD, Zahirovic S, Gaina C, Torsvik T, Shephard G, Talsma A, Gurnis M, Turner M, Maus S, Chandler M (2012) Global continental and ocean basin reconstructions since 200 Ma. Earth-Sci Rev 113:212–270

    Article  Google Scholar 

  74. Strasser A (1986) Ooids in Purbeck limestones (lowermost Cretaceous) of the Swiss and French Jura. Sedimentol 33:711–727

    Article  Google Scholar 

  75. Takano T, Kawada S, Arai J (1953) The limestone deposit of the Tatoro-san district, west of the Kano-san. Bull Chichibu Mus of Nat Hist 2:37–43 (in Japanese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar 

  76. Takaoka Y (1966) Fusulinid from the Mt. Tatoro, Mt. Kano, Mt. Futago and Mt. Shiraishi Areas of the Kanto-massif, Central Japan. Bull Chichibu Mus Nat Hist 13:39–70 pls. 5–16 (in Japanese)

  77. Takaoka Y (1978) Paleontological studies of Kano-san, Futago-yama and Shiraishi-yama of Kanto massif, Central Japan. Toho-gakuhou 28:101–121

    Google Scholar 

  78. Vachard D, Kabanov P (2007) Palaeoaplysinella gen. nov. and Likinia Ivanova and Ilkhovskii, 1973 emend., from the type Moscovian (Russia) and the algal affinities of the ancestral Palaeoaplysinaceae n. comb. Geobios 40:849–860

    Article  Google Scholar 

  79. Vennin E, Boisseau T, Proust JN, Chuvashov B (2002) Influence of eustasy and tectonism on reef architecture in early Permian reef complexes, southern Urals, Russia. SEPM Spec Publ 74:205–218

    Google Scholar 

  80. Wahlman GP (2002) Upper Carboniferous–lower Permian (Bashkirian–Kungurian) mounds and reefs. In: Kiessling W, Flügel E, Golonka J (eds) Phanerozoic reef patterns, SEPM Spec Publ 72, 271–338

  81. Wakita K, Metcalfe I (2005) Ocean plate stratigraphy in East and Southeast Asia. Jour Asian Earth Sci 24:679–702

    Article  Google Scholar 

  82. Watanabe K (1991) Fusuline biostratigraphy of the Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian of Japan, with special reference to the Carboniferous–Permian boundary. Palaeontol Soc Japan Spec Pap 32

  83. Weidlich O, Senowbari-Daryan B (1996) Late Permian “sphinctozoans” from reefal blocks of the Ba’id area, Oman Mountains. J Paleontol 70:27–46

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

We thank the Taiheiyo Cement Co. Ltd. for their support for our investigation of outcrops in the Kano-yama mine. Special thanks are extended to Mr S. Ishii, Mr R. Yamamoto, Mr H. Muraoka, and Mr I. Shimizu for supporting our field investigation. We are also grateful to Editor-in-Chief Prof. Maurice Tucker and two anonymous journal reviewers for helpful comments on the manuscript.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kohei Tominaga.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Tominaga, K., Ueno, K. & Hisada, K. AnthracoporellaPalaeoaplysina mound in Upper Carboniferous mid-Panthalassan atoll-type carbonates in a Jurassic accretionary complex, central Japan. Facies 65, 11 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10347-019-0555-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Panthalassa
  • Carboniferous
  • Atoll carbonate
  • Gondwana glaciation
  • Palaeoaplysina
  • Chichibu accretionary complex