Fig. 2 | European Journal of Forest Research

Fig. 2

From: Correction to: Neighbourhood effects modify deer herbivory on tree seedlings

Fig. 2

The results of pair correlation functions to detect potential departures from the random labelling null model in beech (ac) and fir seedlings (df). Summary statistics examine the spatial relationships of browsed seedlings (a, d), browsed and unbrowsed seedlings (b, e) and unbrowsed seedlings (c, f). The values above/below the simulation envelopes indicate the clustering/hyperdispersion of browsed seedlings (gbb), clustering/hyperdispersion of unbrowsed seedlings (guu) and aggregation/segregation of browsed and unbrowsed seedlings (gbu). The random labelling null here represents an assumption that deer browsing is a spatially random process unrelated to the distance to seedling neighbours. The 95% simulation envelopes were constructed at a given scale as the fifth largest and fifth smallest value of 199 Monte Carlo simulations. The numbers in each subplot denote the rank of a goodness-of-fit test. Significant departures are indicated by ** and * for p values < 0.01 and < 0.05, respectively

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