Influence of Bagging on Color, Anthocyanin and Anthocyanin Biosynthetic Genes in Peel of Red Colored Mango Cv. ‘Lily’
- 47 Downloads
Sunlight influences many morphological, biochemical and molecular changes in fruits and the most important is color change associated with the development of pigments. The exposure to sunlight influences the anthocyanin content of the fruit peel. With the aim to understand the influence of bagging of fruits on the mango peel color, anthocyanin and expression of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes, an experiment was conducted by covering fruits of red colored cv. ‘Lily’ with muslin cloth. The observations were recorded for fruits of control (non-bagged) and fruits developing in shade. In bagged fruits, the color of peel changed towards lightness and yellowness. The reduction in anthocyanin was observed up to 17 times in bagged and shaded fruits. We also observed the down-regulation of all anthocyanin biosynthetic genes in fruits under bagged and shaded conditions. This study reports the influence of bagging and shade on anthocyanin biosynthetic genes and subsequent change in the color of fruit peel.
KeywordsMangifera indica L. Peel Bagging Color Total anthocyanin Gene expression
Basic helix loop helix, MYB Transcription factor and WD-40R
Einfluss der Beschattung auf Farbe, Anthocyan und Anthocyan-Biosynthese-Gene der Fruchthaut bei rotschaligen Mangos der Sorte ‘Lily’
SchlüsselwörterMangifera indica L. Beschattung Farbe Gesamt-Anthocyan Genexpression Mango
GRK thank University Grant Commission, New Delhi for providing Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship (RGNF-ST-GOA-7140). Authors acknowledge the financial assistance from ICAR Network Project on Transgenics in Crops (NPTC): Functional genomics of plant type, maturity and fruit quality traits in Mango. Also, Dr. D. V. Sudhakar Rao (Principal Scientist, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru) is acknowledged for providing color reader.
Conflict of interest
G.R. Karanjalker, K.V. Ravishankar, K.S. Shivashankara and M.R. Dinesh declare that they have no competing interests.
- Bible BB, Singha S (1993) Canopy position influences CIELAB coordinates of peach color. HortScience 28:992–993Google Scholar
- Borsani O, Gonzalez-Neves G, Ferrer M, Monza J (2010) Anthocyanins accumulation and genes-related expression in berries of cv. tannat (vitis vinifera L.). J Appl Hortic 12(1):3–9Google Scholar
- Hwang AS, Huang KL, Hsu SH (2004) Effect of bagging with black paper on coloration and fruit quality of ‘Ruby’ grapefruit. J Agric Res China 53:229–238Google Scholar
- Kawphaitoon S, Isarangkool SN, Techawongstien S (2014) Effect of fruit position on fruit quality of ‘Num Dok Mai Sithong’ mango. Acta Hortic. SHS Acta Horticulturae 1111: XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): IV International Symposium on Papaya, VIII International Pineapple Symposium, and International Symposium on Mango, pp 336–340Google Scholar
- McGuire RG (1992) Reporting of objective color measurements. HortScience 27:1254–1255Google Scholar
- Royal Horticulture Society (2007) Royal horticultural society color chart, 5th edn. Royal Horticultural Society, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Steyn WJ (2009) Prevalence and function of anthocyanins in fruits. In: Gould K, Davis K, Chris W (eds) Anthocyanins: biosynthesis, functions and applications. Springer Science Business Media, Berlin, pp 85–100Google Scholar
- Voss DH (1992) Relating colorimeter measurement of plant color to the royal horticultural society colour chart. HortScience 27:1256–1260Google Scholar
- Xie R, Li Z, Shaolan H, Yongqiang Z, Shilai Y, Lie D (2011) Anthocyanin biosynthesis in fruit tree crops: genes and their regulation. Afr J Biotechnol 10(86):19890–19897Google Scholar