Factors affecting field performance of pheromone traps for tobacco beetle, Lasioderma serricorne, and tobacco moth, Ephestia elutella

  • Christos Athanassiou
  • Daniel P. Bray
  • David R. Hall
  • Charles Phillips
  • Thomas N. Vassilakos
Original Paper
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

Tobacco beetle, Lasioderma serricorne (F.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae), is one of the most serious insect pests of stored tobacco, and traps baited with the female-produced sex pheromone, serricornin, are used for monitoring the pest. In two trapping experiments carried out in tobacco warehouses in Greece, two commercially available trap and lure systems for L. serricorne were found to be equally effective in terms of the numbers of beetles trapped. In contrast to previous reports, anhydroserricornin was unattractive and lures containing serricornin and anhydroserricornin were less attractive than lures containing serricornin only. The sex pheromone of the other main insect pest of tobacco, Ephestia elutella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), could be added to the lures without affecting the attractiveness of either pheromone to their respective species. Lures remained attractive for at least 4 weeks under field conditions, and, in laboratory tests, release of pheromone could still be detected after 30 days at 27 °C. The stereoisomeric composition of the serricornin in the two commercial lures was similar with high proportions of the attractive (4S,6S,7S)-isomer. The proportion of the (4S,6S,7R)-isomer was low, and this is known to reduce the attractiveness.

Keywords

Serricornin 4,6-Dimethyl-7-hydroxynonan-3-one Anhydroserricornin 2,6-Diethyl-3,5-dimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran Ephestia elutella (Z,E)-9,12-Tetradecadienyl acetate (Z,E)-9,12-Tetradecadien-1-ol Stored product pests 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This study was partially funded by Barrettine Environmental Health, Bristol, UK.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christos Athanassiou
    • 1
  • Daniel P. Bray
    • 2
  • David R. Hall
    • 2
  • Charles Phillips
    • 3
  • Thomas N. Vassilakos
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Agriculture, Crop Production and Rural EnvironmentUniversity of ThessalyN. IoniaGreece
  2. 2.Natural Resources InstituteUniversity of GreenwichChatham MaritimeUK
  3. 3.Barrettine Environmental HealthBristolUK

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