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Chromatographia

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 265–275 | Cite as

QuEChERS with Magnetic Hydrophilic–Lipophilic Balanced Adsorbent and Its Application in Multi-Class Veterinary Residues in Milk by Ultra High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

  • Hongcheng Liu
  • Tao Lin
  • Xin Lin
  • Jinliang Shao
  • Qiwan Li
Original
  • 146 Downloads

Abstract

Using magnetic hydrophilic–lipophilic balanced adsorbent (HLB), with divinylbenzene n-vinylpyrrolidone polymer as monomers and Fe3O4@C nanoparticles as magnetic material, a modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe (QuEChERS) method is proposed for veterinary residue analysis in milk. The magnetic Fe3O4@C-HLB adsorbent was fabricated via simple co-mixing method based on an “aggregate wrap” mechanism, which enabled magnetic solid-phase extraction. Thus, the resultant material can be separated from the solvent rapidly and conveniently by a magnet. The residues of regulatory interest in milk include β-lactams, aminoglyside, and macrolides. The analytes were quantified by ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to an electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometer operating in multiple reaction monitoring modes. The decision limit (CCα) was 0.1–0.8 µg/L, and the detection capability (CCβ) was 0.2–2 µg/L. The method was accurate with recoveries ranging from 70.5 to 98%. Good intra-precision and intermediate precision were obtained with RSD better than 10%.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

UHPLC–MS–MS Fe3O4@C-HLB adsorbent Multi-class veterinary residues 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Projection 2013RA012 (social development projection of Yunnan province), 2014DA001, 2015HC025 (talent plan and scientific innovation platform of Yunnan province).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All Authors declare that we have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongcheng Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Tao Lin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xin Lin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jinliang Shao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Qiwan Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Supervision and Testing Center for Farm Product QualityMinistry of AgricultureKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Agro-ProductMinistry of AgricultureKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Institute of Quality Standard and Testing TechnologyYunnan Academy of Agriculture ScienceKunmingPeople’s Republic of China

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