Strategies to design modified activated carbon fibers for the decontamination of water and air

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Abstract

The rapid industrialization has induced the entry of organic and inorganic contaminants into the environment at a rate greater than environmental cleaning. As a consequence, pollutants have accumulated in environmental media, thus posing health risk for living organisms. Here, we present surface treatment strategies that modify physicochemical properties of activated carbon fibers for environmental remediation. In particular, we review metals, metal oxides and various advanced materials used for modifying activated carbon fibers. We discuss the utilization of modified activated carbon fibers for adsorption of organic pollutants and inorganic pollutants, and for the degradation of organic pollutants by photocatalysis, electrocatalysis, Fenton process and dielectric barrier discharge. We also discuss air pollutant removal, capacitive deionization, removal of inorganic ions and microbial decontamination by modified activated carbon fibers.

Keywords

Pollutants Modified activated carbon fibers Adsorption Degradation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO), Government of India, New Delhi. One of the authors Ashitha Gopinath would like to thank Karthik and Shanmugasundaram for their great support.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DRDO-BU Center for Life Sciences, Bharathiar University CampusCoimbatoreIndia

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