Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 343–365 | Cite as

Membrane technology for water purification

  • Lavanya Madhura
  • Suvardhan Kanchi
  • Myalowenkosi I. Sabela
  • Shalini Singh
  • Krishna Bisetty
  • Inamuddin


Managing higher water demands is a grand challenge of the twenty-first century due to pollution and climate change that are decreasing the amount of drinkable water. There is therefore a need for improved techniques to purify contaminated waters. Nanotechnology provides materials of unprecedented properties, which can be used to clean water. This article reviews recent developments in nanotechnology for wastewater treatment using novel polymeric membrane materials. The use of polymeric membrane materials and polymer brushes are discussed.


Nanomaterials Membranes Polymer brushes Water purification 



Authors are highly grateful to Durban University of Technology and National Research Foundation of South Africa for their financial support in the form of NRF-DST Innovation Doctoral Scholarship (UID: 107643) to carry out this work.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Operations and Quality ManagementDurban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryDurban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa
  3. 3.Chemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Centre of Excellence for Advanced Materials ResearchKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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