Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 147–160 | Cite as

Toxic impact of nanomaterials on microbes, plants and animals

  • Mohammed Nadim Sardoiwala
  • Babita Kaundal
  • Subhasree Roy ChoudhuryEmail author


Nanotechnology has many potential applications in medical, agriculture, electronic and sports industries. Nonetheless, there is actually little knowledge on toxic effects of nanomaterial. Here we review nanotoxicity, action mechanisms and fate of nanomaterials. We discuss the impact of nanotoxicity on microbes, plant, animal and human health, and factors like size, shape, surface charge, composition, ionic concentration and physiological. We explain the detection of nanotoxicity at cell and genome levels. Toxicities of commercial nanomaterials, risk management, rules and regulations regarding marketed nanoproducts are also summarized.


Nanomaterials Nanotoxicology Cytotoxicity Genotoxicity Plants Animals Microbes 



The authors kindly acknowledge SERB DST Funding (YSS/2015/001706) to Dr. Subhasree Roy Choudhury and financial support of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) to Mr. Mohammed Nadim Sardoiwala.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Nano Science and Technology, Habitat CentreMohaliIndia

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