Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 43–58 | Cite as

Nanomaterials for agriculture, food and environment: applications, toxicity and regulation

  • Anubhav Kaphle
  • P. N. Navya
  • Akhela Umapathi
  • Hemant Kumar Daima
Review

Abstract

Nanotechnology is expected to have a beneficial influence on agriculture, food and environment, due to the unique properties of nanomaterials. However, little is known about their safety and potential toxicity. Here we review metal nanoparticles, nanometal oxides, carbon nanotubes, liposomes and dendrimers. We present the application of these nanomaterials in agriculture, food and environment for plant protection; disease treatment; packing materials; development of new tastes, textures and sensations; pathogen detection; and delivery systems. We discuss risk assessment of nanomaterials and toxicological impacts of nanomaterials on agriculture, food and environment. We then provide regulatory guidelines for the safer use of nanomaterials.

Keywords

Nanotechnology Agriculture Food Nanotoxicity Environment Nanomaterials 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nano-Bio Interfacial Research Laboratory (NBIRL), Department of BiotechnologySiddaganga Institute of TechnologyTumakuruIndia
  2. 2.Amity Institute of BiotechnologyAmity University RajasthanJaipurIndia

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