Acute static bioassays were conducted for 96 h period with λ-cyhalothrin to determine its acute toxicity to a freshwater catfish, Clarias batrachus. The 96 h LC50 value was estimated to be 5.00 μg l−1 (95% confidence limit: 4.114–5.712). The alterations in behavioral pattern, such as change in the color of skin, hyperactivity, loss of balance, rapid swimming, increased surfacing activity, enhanced rate of opercular activity, as well as prominent rates of convulsions in treated fish were observed with the increasing concentrations of insecticide as compared to the control fish. The results indicate that λ-cyhalothrin is highly effective even at very low concentrations.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
American Public Health Association (APHA) (1985) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 16th edn. Washington, p 1268
Bradbury SP, Coats JR (1989) Comparative toxicology of the pyrethroid insecticides. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 108:133–177
Dede EB, Kaglo HD (2001) Aqua-toxicological effects of water soluble fractions (WSF) of diesel fuel on O. Niloticus fingerlings. J Appl Sci Environ Manage 5:93–96
Demoute JP (1989) A brief review of the environmental fate and metabolism of pyrethroids. Pestic Sci 27:375–385
Environmental Risk Management Authority (2007) Cyhalothrin and lambda cyhalothrin evaluation sheet. ERMA, New Zealand. http://www.ermanz.govt.nz/consultations/ceir/i.pdf
Glickman AH, Lech JJ (1982) Differential toxicity of trans-permethrin in rainbow trout and mice. II. Role of target organ sensitivity. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 66:162–171
Hill RW (1985a) PP321: determination of acute toxicity to rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) of a 5% EC formulation (Unpublished proprietary report No. BL/B/2783, submitted to WHO by ICI)
Hill RW (1985b) PP321: determination of acute toxicity to mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) of a 5% EC formulation (Unpublished proprietary report No. BL/B/2784, submitted to WHO by ICI)
Hill RW (1985c) PP321: determination of acute toxicity to sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus) (Unpublished proprietary report No. BL/B/2615, submitted to WHO by ICI)
Kumar A, Sharma B, Pandey RS (2007) Preliminary evaluation of the toxicity of cypermethrin and λ-cyhalothrin to Channa punctatus. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79:613–616
Kumar A, Sharma B, Pandey RS (2008) Cypermethrin and λ-cyhalothrin induced alterations in nucleic acids and protein contents in a freshwater fish Channa punctatus. Fish Physiol Biochem 34:331–338
Kumar A, Rai DK, Sharma B, Pandey RS (2009a) λ-cyhalothrin and cypermethrin induced in vivo alterations in the activity of acetylcholinesterase in a freshwater fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch). Pestic Bicochem Physiol 93:96–99
Kumar A, Sharma B, Pandey RS (2009b) Cypermethrin and λ-cyhalothrin induced in vivo alterations in nucleic acids and protein contents in a freshwater catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus; Family—Clariidae). J Environ Sci Health B 44:564–570
Kumari R, Singh RK, Khanna YP, Sharma B (1997) Carbofuran induced stress mediated syndromes in Clarias batrachus. In: Proceedings of international conference on industrial pollution control technology, pp 113–119
Moore A, Waring CP (2001) The effects of a synthetic pyrethroid pesticide on some aspects of reproduction in atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquat Toxicol 52:1–12
Pest Management Regulatory Agency (2003) PRDD2003-03 Health Canada 2720 Riverside Drive A.L. 6605C Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9
US EPA (1993) LC50 software program, version 1.5 Ecological Monitoring Research Division, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati (EPA/600/4-90/027F)
Wang W, Cai DJ, Shan ZJ, Chen WL, Nick P, Gao XW (2007) Comparison of the acute toxicity for gamma-cyhalothrin and lambda-cyhalothrin to zebra fish and shrimp. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 47:184–188
The authors express their gratitude to Prof. P. Gaur, Head, Department of Zoology, for providing Central Instrumentation Facility. Financial assistance to one of the authors (AK) from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India, in the form of CSIR-NET-SRF (F.No.9/1 (274)/2005-EMR-I) is gratefully acknowledged.
About this article
Cite this article
Kumar, A., Sharma, B. & Pandey, R.S. Assessment of acute toxicity of λ-cyhalothrin to a freshwater catfish, Clarias batrachus . Environ Chem Lett 9, 43–46 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-009-0244-8
- Clarias batrachus
- Acute toxicity
- Behavioral response