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Phytothérapie

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 10–15 | Cite as

Antihepatoxic activity of Rhamnus alaternus L. (Rhamnaceae) leaves extracts

Pharmacognosie
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Abstract

Rhamnus alaternus L. (Rhamnaceae) had been the object of number of therapeutic indications in traditional medicine in the Mediterranean area. Our study intends to compare the hepatotoxic effects of two plant extracts especially two aqueous lyophilized extracts (decocted and macerated); all administered to different batch rats initially jaundiced made by injection of the hepatotoxic. The reference antihepatotoxic product used is the silymarine (100 mg/kg). The two extracts (250 mg/kg) had witnessed a significative antihepatotoxic action (p<0,05) expressed by enzymatic biochemical markers reduction percentage, especially the transaminases (ASAT/SGOT; ALAT/SGPT), the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and direct bilirubine (DBil). The reduction mean percentages of antihepatotoxic activity were: 76,28% (lyophilized decocted); 74,16% (lyophilized macerated); 44,68% (silymarine). These results illustrate the antihepatotoxic pharmacological action of two extracts used of this plant.

Keywords

Antihepatotoxic effect Rhamnus alaternus L. Lyophilized extracts Silymarine 

Activité antihépatotoxique des extraits des feuilles de Rhamnus alaternus L. (Rhamnaceae)

Résumé

Rhamnus alaternus L. (Rhamnaceae) a fait l’objet de nombreuses indications thérapeutiques en médecine traditionnelle dans la région méditerranéenne. Notre étude projette de comparer les effets anti-hépatotoxiques de deux extraits de la plante notamment deux extraits aqueux lyophilisés (décocté et macéré) ; tous administrés à différents lots de rats rendus initialement ictériques par injection de l’hépatotoxique. Le produit de référence antihépatotoxique utilisé est la silymarine (100 mg/kg). Les deux extraits (250 mg/kg) ont témoigné une action antihépatotoxique significative (p<0,05) exprimée par un pourcentage de réduction des marqueurs biochimiques enzymatiques notamment les transaminases (ASAT/GOT, ALAT/GPT), la phosphatase alcaline (PAL) et la bilirubine directe (DBil). Les pourcentages moyens de réduction de l’activité antihépatotoxique ont été de: 76,28% (décocté lyophilisé), 74,16% (macéré lyophilisé), 44,68% (silymarine). Ces résultats illustrent l’action pharmacologique antihépatotoxique des deux extraits utilisés de la plante.

Mots clés

Effet antihépatotoxique Rhamnus alaternus L. Extraits lyophilisé Silymarine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Benchiha
    • 1
  • S. Mahroug
    • 1
  • L. Aoued
    • 2
  • K. Bouterfas
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de biodiversité végétale : conservation et valorisation, faculté des sciences de la nature et de la vieuniversité Djillali-LiabesSidi Bel AbbésAlgérie
  2. 2.Laboratoire de synthèse de l’information environnementale, faculté de médecineuniversité Djillali-LiabesSidi Bel AbbésAlgérie

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