Phytothérapie

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 153–159 | Cite as

Composition et activité antibactérienne des huiles essentielles d’Origanum glandulosum d’Algérie

Article Original Pharmacognosie

Résumé

La composition de l’huile essentielle extraite par hydrodistillation de la partie aérienne d’Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum (Desf.) poussant à l’état spontané en Algérie est déterminée par CPG et RMN C13. L’huile essentielle d’Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum présente une teneur élevée en thymol variant entre 41 et 49,5 %. Nous avons également déterminé l’activité de l’huile essentielle de cette espèce vis-à-vis des bactéries à Gram + et à Gram −. On constate qu’elle est très active sur l’ensemble des bactéries testées, sauf les Pseudomonas qui se révèlent très résistantes.

Mots clés

Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum (Desf.) RMN C13 CPG Thymol Activité antibactérienne 

Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils contained in Algerian Origanum glandulosum (Desf.)

Abstract

The composition of the essential oil isolated by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts of Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum (Desf.) growing wild in Algeria was determined by GC and 13C NMR. The oil was characterized by high thymol content (41–49.5%) and its antibacterial activity was tested against bacteria Gram (−) and Gram (+). The oil is very active against all bacteria tested except Pseudomonas which turned out to be very resistant.

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Bekhechi
    • 1
  • F. Atik-Bekkara
    • 1
  • D. E. Abdelouahid
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire des produits naturels, département de biologieuniversité Abou Bekr BelkaidImma TlemcenTunisie

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