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Correlated positions in protein evolution and engineering

Biocatalysis - Review

Abstract

Statistical analysis of a protein multiple sequence alignment can reveal groups of positions that undergo interdependent mutations throughout evolution. At these so-called correlated positions, only certain combinations of amino acids appear to be viable for maintaining proper folding, stability, catalytic activity or specificity. Therefore, it is often speculated that they could be interesting guides for semi-rational protein engineering purposes. Because they are a fingerprint from protein evolution, their analysis may provide valuable insight into a protein’s structure or function and furthermore, they may also be suitable target positions for mutagenesis. Unfortunately, little is currently known about the properties of these correlation networks and how they should be used in practice. This review summarises the recent findings, opportunities and pitfalls of the concept.

Keywords

Correlated positions Coevolution Protein engineering Correlated mutation analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank the Fund for Scientific Research-Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen) for financial support (doctoral scholarship for JF).

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Copyright information

© Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemical and Microbial Technology, Centre for Industrial Biotechnology and BiocatalysisGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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