Table 6 Results from alternative specifications

From: How to combine high sunk costs of exporting and low export survival

Explanatory variables Logit using 6-digit products Logit using 4-digit products Exports of consumer goods Exports of intermediate goods
Core versus periphery
Relative unimportance of product 0.09***
(0.00)
0.01**
(0.05)
0.11***
(0.00)
0.11***
(0.00)
Relative unimportance of destination 0.01***
(0.00)
0.09***
(0.00)
0.08***
(0.00)
0.05***
(0.00)
Firm and product characteristics
TFP −0.28***
(0.00)
−0.31***
(0.00)
−0.47***
(0.00)
−0.01
(0.66)
Firm size (no. of employees) −0.05***
(0.00)
−0.06***
(0.00)
−0.04***
(0.00)
−0.13***
(0.00)
Owns foreign firm −0.37***
(0.00)
−0.36***
(0.00)
−0.42***
(0.00)
−0.32***
(0.00)
Foreign owner −0.08***
(0.00)
−0.07***
(0.00)
−0.15***
(0.00)
0.04
(0.30)
Second try −0.33***
(0.00)
−0.39***
(0.00)
−0.22***
(0.00)
−0.32***
(0.00)
Third try −0.54***
(0.00)
−0.58***
(0.00)
−0.28***
(0.00)
−0.42***
(0.00)
Fourth try −0.66***
(0.01)
−0.44
(0.13)
−0.28
(0.33)
−1.49***
(0.00)
1st export year 3.48***
(0.00)
3.81***
(0.00)
0.02
(0.96)
2.48***
(0.00)
2nd export year 2.01**
(0.00)
2.38**
(0.00)
−1.58**
(0.00)
0.77
(0.25)
3rd export year 1.48***
(0.00)
1.89***
(0.00)
−2.14***
(0.01)
0.14
(0.82)
4th export year 1.22***
(0.00)
1.71***
(0.00)
−2.48***
(0.00)
0.03
(0.96)
5th export year 1.13***
(0.00)
1.64***
(0.00)
−2.52***
(0.00)
−0.21
(0.75)
6th export year 0.99***
(0.00)
1.70***
(0.00)
−2.52***
(0.00)
−0.75
(0.28)
7th export year 0.72*
(0.07)
0.82*
(0.06)
−2.94***
(0.00)
−1.56**
(0.04)
8th export year 0.65
(0.14)
0.83
(0.10)
−3.28***
(0.00)
−1.00
(0.20)
9th export year −0.50
(0.47)
−0.84
(0.44)
−5.10***
(0.00)
−1.28
(0.19)
Market characteristics
GDP 0.05***
(0.00)
0.04***
(0.00)
0.06***
(0.00)
−0.004
(0.78)
Distance 0.04
(0.21)
0.03
(0.27)
0.14***
(0.00)
0.02
(0.68)
To RTA −0.27***
(0.00)
−0.28***
(0.00)
−0.14***
(0.04)
−0.38***
(0.00)
To ACP −0.96***
(0.00)
−1.05***
(0.00)
−0.78***
(0.00)
−0.01
(0.98)
To GSP 0.11
(0.13)
0.09
(0.23)
0.13
(0.16)
0.23*
(0.09)
Log likelihood −39,387 −35,658 −28,235 −12,050
No. of observations 76,498 70,404 52,577 23,144
  1. ***, **, * denote significance at the 1, 5 and 10 % level respectively and figures between parentheses are p-values based on random effect (on the firm-product-destination dimension) logit model. All regressions include time dummies, 14 export product dummies, 17 industry belonging dummies, 21 localisation dummies in Sweden and 22 regional destination dummies