Social Distancing Requirements and the Determinants of the COVID-19 Recession and Recovery in Europe


Social distancing restrictions, as measured by the Oxford stringency indicator, constitute the one variable that is most tightly correlated with the recession and recovery across EU member states.


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Correspondence to Christian Dreger or Daniel Gros.

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Christian Dreger, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder), Germany.

Daniel Gros, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels, Belgium.

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Dreger, C., Gros, D. Social Distancing Requirements and the Determinants of the COVID-19 Recession and Recovery in Europe. Intereconomics 55, 365–371 (2020).

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