Influence of a preventive program on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of European pregnant women: a cohort study
- 113 Downloads
The aim of this study was to compare the impact of oral health on quality of life of a group of pregnant women enrolled in a program of oral health with respect to a control group of non-pregnant women. A cross-sectional study involving a sociodental indicator OHIP-14 and a dental examination was completed to assess pregnant women’s knowledge of oral health, hygienic habits, periodontal and caries index. Data were collected from 113 pregnant women and 113 non-pregnant women. Sociodemographic data for both groups were homogeneous. Pregnant women have better values of general and oral health, even though they have not perceived need for dental treatment, compared with control group. A worse periodontal health was observed for the control group. Our results showed that quality of life in pregnant women has been influenced with a statistical significance (p < 0.05) by the variables age, unemployment, level of education, immigration, frequency of brushing, type of dental practice, self-reported general and oral health and perceived treatment needs. The oral quality of life of pregnant women seems to be positively influenced by the incorporation of preventive oral programs during pregnancy.
KeywordsPregnant women OHRQoL Oral health OHIP-14
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The author(s) declares that they have no conflict of interests.
- 12.Montero J, Bravo M, Albaladejo A, Hernández LA, Rosel EM. Validation the oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) for adults in Spain. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009;14:E44–50.Google Scholar
- 13.Montero J, López JF, Vicente MP, Galindo MP, Albaladejo A, Bravo M. Comparative validity of the OIDP and OHIP-14 in describing the impact of oral health on quality of life in a cross-sectional study performed in Spanish adults. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011;16:E816–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 14.Vandenbroucke JP, von Elm E, Altman DG, Gøtzsche PC, Mulrow CD, Pocock SJ, Poole C, Schlesselman JJ, Egger M, STROBE Initiative. Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE): explanation and elaboration. Epidemiology 2007;18(6):805–35.Google Scholar
- 16.WHO. Oral health surveys. Basic methods. 4th ed. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1997.Google Scholar
- 24.Wandera MN, Engebretsen IM, Rwenyonyi CM, Tumwine J, Åstrøm AN, the PROMISE-EBF Study Group. Periodontal status, tooth loss and self-reported periodontal problems effects on oral impacts on daily performances, OIDP, in pregnant women in Uganda: a cross-sectional study. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2009;7:89.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 28.Bravo M, Almerich JM, Ausina V, Aviles P, Blanco JM, et al. Encuesta de salud oral en España 2015. RCOE. 2016;21:8–48.Google Scholar