Upper thermal tolerance of larval Arctic lamprey (Lethenteron camtschaticum)

Abstract

The population of Arctic lamprey (Lethenteron camtschaticum) is declining at the southern limit of its distribution in the Northern Hemisphere. Rising river water temperatures due to global warming may impact the metabolism of larval lamprey and limit their distribution. We evaluated the upper thermal tolerance of young-of-year larval Arctic lamprey using the incipient lethal temperature (ILT) and the acclimated chronic exposure (ACE) methods. According to the ILT method, the ultimate incipient lethal temperature for 7 days of culture was estimated to be 29.3 ºC (95% CI: 28.2–30.2 ºC). According to the ACE method, marked growth inhibition occurred at temperatures higher than 28 ºC.

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Acknowledgments

We would like to thank all members of the Watershed Conservation & Management Laboratory in Ishikawa Prefectural University. Ralph T. Lampman (Yakama Nation Fisheries) and Mary L. Moser (NOAA) provided insightful advices for rearing larval lampreys. This study was supported by a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Kaken nos. 26340092 and 18J23444. This study was conducted while observing the Guidelines for the use of fish in research published by the Ichthyological Society of Japan in 2003.

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Correspondence to Hiroaki Arakawa.

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Arakawa, H., Yanai, S. Upper thermal tolerance of larval Arctic lamprey (Lethenteron camtschaticum). Ichthyol Res 68, 158–163 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-020-00757-3

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Keywords

  • Lampreys
  • Ammocoetes
  • Lethal temperature
  • Global warming