Anaerobic co-digestion of municipal solid wastes with giant reed under mesophilic conditions

  • Firas Al-Zuhairi
  • Luca Micoli
  • Ciro Florio
  • Angelo Ausiello
  • Maria Turco
  • Domenico Pirozzi
  • Giuseppe ToscanoEmail author


Anaerobic co-digestion of mixed feedstocks improves the biogas yields due to a better balance of nutrients in the digestion medium. A suitable choice for improving biogas yields from the anaerobic digestion of municipal solid wastes is the co-digestion with lignocellulosic materials. The growing exploitation of the giant reed in several industrial fields motivated a preliminary investigation on the anaerobic co-digestion of steam-exploded giant reed and the organic fraction of municipal solid wastes (OFMSW).The anaerobic digestion was carried out at 37 °C, in batch operation mode. Biogas volumes produced and the concentration–time profiles of volatile fatty acids were analysed for different initial ratios of the mixed feedstock. All the mixtures performed better than the single feedstock. The optimal biogas yield was obtained with the co-digestion of a mixture containing 75% OFMSW and 25% giant reed, which produced 236 mL CH4/g VS with a 1.5-fold increase respect to the digestion of OFMSW alone.


Biogas Co-digestion Municipal solid waste Giant reed 



Anaerobic co-digestion


Anaerobic digestion


Chemical oxygen demand


Giant reed


Organic fraction of municipal wastes


Root-mean-squared error of regression


Sewage sludges


Total solids


Volatile fatty acids


Volatile solids



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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TechnologyBaghdadIraq
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials and Industrial Production (DICMaPI)Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly
  3. 3.Department of Science and Technology (DiST)Università Parthenope di NapoliNaplesItaly

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