Porosity and surface chemistry development and thermal degradation of textile waste jute during recycling as activated carbon

  • Weifang ChenEmail author
  • Sijia Zhang
  • Feifei He
  • Weipeng Lu
  • Hui Xv


Textile waste jute was activated by H3PO4 and ZnCl2 for reuse as activated carbon. Thermal degradation behavior of jute, impregnated jute and activating agents via thermogravimetric analysis were conducted first. Yield and iodine adsorption number were employed to determine the optimal activation conditions. As a result, activation by H3PO4 was best conducted at 700 °C for 90 min with an impregnation ration of 1.0 while conditions for ZnCl2 were 500 °C, 60 min and impregnation ratio of 1.0. That is, the best activation conditions varied with activating agents. So were the properties of resultant jute-based activated carbons. H3PO4 activation produced an activated carbon that was mostly mesoporous while that by ZnCl2 was more even in micropore and mesopore volumes as proven by pore volume distribution analysis. In addition, both carbons were abundant in surface functional groups which could be beneficial for adsorption of pollutants. Overall, jute could be effectively recycled to produce activated carbon that boasted excellent surface chemistry and textual properties.


Jute Porosity Surface chemistry H3PO4 ZnCl2 



This work was supported by Shanghai Natural Science Foundation (14ZR1428900) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (21707090).


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weifang Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sijia Zhang
    • 1
  • Feifei He
    • 1
  • Weipeng Lu
    • 1
  • Hui Xv
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Environment and ArchitectureUniversity of Shanghai for Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina

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