To quantitatively emphasize the importance of source separation practice, the difference on the MSW composition of the two areas in Bangkok, namely the community with locally source separated of MSW and the Bangkok’s waste transfer center, was comparatively studied. The possibility of material recycling was discussed based on the observed MSW’s data. Results showed that waste generation per capita at the community was significantly lower (39%) than the official reported value due to source separation practice. The portion of plastic waste at transfer station was 60 and 90% higher than that of the community (where source separation activity has been performed) for weekday and weekend, respectively, while the paper waste of NKC was 147 and 211% higher than that of the community for weekday and weekend, respectively. Potential for plastic and paper recycling was 250 and 150 g per day per capita, respectively, and their potential on economic values were 0.33 and 0.18 baht/person/day, respectively.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access
This research was funded by the Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Thailand. Authors gratefully thank to Sa-ngaunkum community, especially Mrs. Yupin Sa-ngaunkum, head of the community, for a full participation during the waste composition study. Thanks also go to Mrs. Daungduan Kittaprapas and Mr. Watchara Kampant, the Nong Khaem district’s waste management officer, for administrative work, and other related officers and labors for participation in waste composition study.
Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Thailand (2014) Thailand State of Pollution Report 2013Google Scholar
Sahlin J, Ekvall T, Bisaillon M, Sundberg J (2007) Introduction of a waste incineration tax: effects on the Swedish waste flows. Resour Conserv Recycl 51:827–846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aphale O, Thyberg KL, Tonjes DJ (2015) Differences in waste generation, waste composition, and source separation across three waste districts in a New York suburb. Resour Conserv Recycl 99:19–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Han H, Zhang Z (2015) The impact of the policy of municipal solid waste source-separated collection on waste reduction: a case study of China. J Mater Cycles Waste. doi:10.1007/s10163-015-0434-3Google Scholar
Kawai K, Huong LTM, Yamada M, Osako M (2016) Proximate composition of household waste and applicability of waste management technologies by source separation in Hanoi, Vietnam. J Mater Cycles Waste 18:517–526. doi:10.1007/s10163-014-0348-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang B-N, Oanh NK (2002) Photochemical smog pollution in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region of Thailand in relation to O 3 precursor concentrations and meteorological conditions. Atmos Environ 36:4211–4222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Thailand (2003) a Final Report on Survey and Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Composition of Thailand (in Thai)Google Scholar
European Commission (2004) Methodology for the analysis of solid waste (SWA-tool) 5th Framework Program, Vienna, AustriaGoogle Scholar
Gerlach RW, Dobb DE, Raab GA, Nocerino JM (2002) Gy sampling theory in environmental studies. 1. Assessing soil splitting protocols. J Chemometr 16:321–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edjabou ME, Jensen MB, Gotze R, Pivnenko K, Petersen C, Scheutz C et al (2015) Municipal solid waste composition: sampling methodology, statistical analyses, and case study evaluation. Waste Manag 36:12–23. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2014.11.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Decision Maker’s Guide to Municipal Solid Waste Incineration. The World Bank, 1999Google Scholar
Tsai W-T (2016) Analysis of municipal solid waste incineration plants for promoting power generation efficiency in Taiwan. J Mater Cycles Waste 18:393–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar