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Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) in multi-matrices from an electronic waste (e-waste) recycling site in Northern China

  • Wen-Jun Hong
  • Hongliang Jia
  • Yongsheng Ding
  • Wen-Long Li
  • Yi-Fan Li
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

The present study investigated the occurrence of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) in soil, water, reed, air and dust samples collected from the e-waste recycling region in Ziya Town, Northern China. The results showed that the concentrations of PCBs reached relative high level in environmental matrices in the study area. HFRs including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), dechlorane plus (DP), allyl 2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether (ATE), tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (TBECH), pentabromotoluene (PBT), pentabromoethylbenzene (PBEB), 2,3-dibromopropyl 2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether (DPTE), 1,2-bis-(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy) ethane (BTBPE) and so on were also widely detected in multi-matrices. Long-range atmospheric transport (LRAT) potentials of non-BDE HFRs were assessed to address the LRAR abilities of these compounds. Analysis of soil–air exchange of PCBs and HFRs showed that soil acted as a secondary source to the atmosphere only for a few low molecular weight compounds, while the direction of the flux of most detected chemicals was from air to soil.

Keywords

PCBs HFRs e-Waste Concentration Soil–air exchange 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21207011) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (3132014306).

Supplementary material

10163_2016_550_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (2.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 2670 kb)

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© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Joint Research Centre for Persistent Toxic Substances (IJRC-PTS), College of Environmental Science and EngineeringDalian Maritime UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Zhejiang Scientific Research Institute of TransportHangzhouChina
  3. 3.IJRC-PTS, College of Ocean and Environmental Engineering, Shanghai Maritime UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.IJRC-PTS, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

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