Preparation, sintering behavior, and expansion performance of ceramsite filter media from dewatered sewage sludge, coal fly ash, and river sediment



The main aim of this study is to assess the preparation, sintering behavior, and expansion performance of ceramsite filter media (CFM) from dewatered sewage sludge, coal fly ash, and river sediment without using any natural resources. The results showed that the investigated physical properties of lab made CFM met with the China’s industrial standard of CJ/T 299-2008 and the concentration of heavy metals in the lixivium was lower than the threshold of GB 5085.3-2007. During the sintering process, the relationships between ignition loss rate, expansion rate, and sintering temperature could be well described simultaneously by the 3-order polynomial fitting curve, with high correlation coefficient values (R 2 > 0.999). The fitting curves of the ignition loss rate and expansion rate had one peak and one valley, respectively, and their cut-off point that is the sintering temperatures were the same (700 °C). The whole sintering process could be divided into two stages. The ignition loss rate was gradually increased in both the stages. At the same time, the expansion rate was decreased in the first stage and then increased in the second stage. The significance of this work is to pursue the concept of sustainable development.


Ceramsite filter media Sintering behavior Dewatered sewage sludge Ignition loss Expansion performance 



This work was supported by the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (No: 20130075110006); Education Innovation Project of Shanghai City (No: 12ZZ069); and the National Natural Science Foundation of China-Joint Fund for Iron and Steel Research (No: U1660107).

Supplementary material

10163_2016_547_MOESM1_ESM.docx (27 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 27 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environment Science and EngineeringDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Institute of Neuroscience and AnatomyZhejiang University School of MedicineHangzhouChina

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