Fedor Krause (1857–1937): the father of neurosurgery

A Correction to this article was published on 20 February 2020

This article has been updated


Fedor Krause’s inspiring biography shows the value of translational thinking: one of the fathers of modern neurosurgery, this gifted child was recognized for his musical talent; he was able to study medicine thanks to financial support in recognition for his study performances. He wrote his doctor thesis on pneumology, and contributed to general surgery, neuroanaesthesiology, and neurosurgery application of novel technologies in neurosurgery and ethics. More in detail, in the neurosurgical field, he performed the first lumbar discectomy, set up intraoperative nerve monitoring, and pioneered trigeminal and acusticus nerve surgery, epilepsy surgery, and cortical mapping. His passion and engagement for surgery allowed him to make small centers turn into great centers recognized as renowned academic environments.

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Change history

  • 20 February 2020

    The original version of this article contained errors in the caption of fig. 3.


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The authors wish to thank Prof. Hartmut Collmann, Würzburg, for helpful and important comments and for the images.

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Manuscript concept and structure: Susanna Bacigaluppi; literature search: Nicola L. Bragazzi, Susanna Bacigaluppi; writing/editing: Nicola L. Bragazzi, Susanna Bacigaluppi; discussion and revision: Mariano Martini; approval of the final manuscript: all authors. For English language revision, the authors wish to thank Rosalind Hendricks.

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Correspondence to Susanna Bacigaluppi.

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Bacigaluppi, S., Bragazzi, N.L. & Martini, M. Fedor Krause (1857–1937): the father of neurosurgery. Neurosurg Rev 43, 1443–1449 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10143-019-01186-1

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  • Fedor Krause
  • History of neurosurgery
  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Cortical stimulation
  • Trigeminal nerve surgery
  • Cranial nerve decompression
  • Lumbar disc surgery
  • Vestibular schwannoma