Fedor Krause’s inspiring biography shows the value of translational thinking: one of the fathers of modern neurosurgery, this gifted child was recognized for his musical talent; he was able to study medicine thanks to financial support in recognition for his study performances. He wrote his doctor thesis on pneumology, and contributed to general surgery, neuroanaesthesiology, and neurosurgery application of novel technologies in neurosurgery and ethics. More in detail, in the neurosurgical field, he performed the first lumbar discectomy, set up intraoperative nerve monitoring, and pioneered trigeminal and acusticus nerve surgery, epilepsy surgery, and cortical mapping. His passion and engagement for surgery allowed him to make small centers turn into great centers recognized as renowned academic environments.
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The authors wish to thank Prof. Hartmut Collmann, Würzburg, for helpful and important comments and for the images.
The present study is a historical review and thus neither ethics approval nor informed consent were required.
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Bacigaluppi, S., Bragazzi, N.L. & Martini, M. Fedor Krause (1857–1937): the father of neurosurgery. Neurosurg Rev 43, 1443–1449 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10143-019-01186-1
- Fedor Krause
- History of neurosurgery
- Epilepsy surgery
- Cortical stimulation
- Trigeminal nerve surgery
- Cranial nerve decompression
- Lumbar disc surgery
- Vestibular schwannoma