Improvement of vincamine production of endophytic fungus through inactivated protoplast fusion


Improvement of the production of vincamine in endophytic fungus VINI-7 was performed by using the inactivated protoplast fusion method. The preparation conditions of protoplasts were optimized by systematic trials with various parameters, and inactivated protoplast fusion was subsequently performed. The mycelium in logarithmic growth phase was treated with 1500 U/mL lywallzyme, 1500 U/mL lysozyme, 2000 U/mL cellulase, and 1000 U/mL snailase solution for 3 h at 30 °C and had the best conditions, in which the concentration of the protoplast was 3.17 × 107 cells/mL. Protoplasts were inactivated by heat, ultraviolet, microwave, sodium nitrite, and diethyl sulfate, respectively. Subsequently, protoplasts inactivated by different methods were subjected to respective protoplast fusion. The results showed that the yield of vincamine in fusants inactivated by mutagens was generally higher than that of fusants inactivated by heat. The highest yield of vincamine in two fusants (U-U1 and N-N1) was 31.6 and 38.7 mg, which increased to 162.24 and 221.16%, respectively, as compared to the parent strain (12.05 mg). LC-MS/MS analysis showed that U-U1 and N-N1 fusants could produce vincamine. Furthermore, the results of genetic stability experiments indicated that U-U1 and N-N1 were genetically stable.

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This study received funding from Hunan Provincial Department of Education (18C1431), Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2019JJ70061), and Innovation Center Program for Effective Utilization of Hunan Province (422190011).

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Correspondence to Jiajia Liu.

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Xu, S., Ren, N., Liu, J. et al. Improvement of vincamine production of endophytic fungus through inactivated protoplast fusion. Int Microbiol 23, 441–451 (2020).

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  • Inactivated protoplast fusion
  • Vincamine
  • Endophytic fungi
  • Mutagen
  • LC-MS/MS