Few well-controlled studies have compared postoperative complications between Billroth I (B-I) and Roux-en-Y (R-Y). The aim of the present study was to compare the incidence of overall and severe postoperative complications by reconstruction method after distal gastrectomy.
We performed a multi-institutional dataset study of patients who underwent distal gastrectomy with B-I or R-Y reconstruction from 2010 to 2014. Using propensity scores to strictly balance the significant variables, we compared postoperative complications between the techniques.
After matching, we enrolled 1014 patients (n = 507 in each group). The incidence of postoperative complications in the R-Y group was significantly higher vs the B-I group (29% vs 17%, P < 0.0001). The incidence of intra-abdominal abscess (4.3% vs 1.8%, P = 0.0177), bowel obstruction (2.6% vs 0.6%, P = 0.0203), and delayed gastric emptying (5.3% vs 1.0%, P < 0.0001) in the R-Y group was significantly higher vs the B-I group, respectively; we saw no significant difference in leakage (3.4% vs 4.1%, P = 0.5084). The incidence of grade ≥ III severe postoperative complications in the R-Y group was significantly higher vs the B-I group (13% vs 7.1%, P = 0.0013). Multivariable analysis showed that R-Y reconstruction was a strong independent risk factor for overall postoperative complications (odds ratio 1.58, P = 0.0044) and grade ≥ III severe postoperative complications (odds ratio 1.75, P = 0.0127). A forest plot revealed that R-Y reconstruction was associated with a greater risk of both overall and grade ≥ III severe postoperative complications in any subgroups.
R-Y reconstruction was associated with increasing overall postoperative complications, as well as severe postoperative complications.
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We thank Edanz Group (www.edanzediting.com/ac) for editing a draft of this manuscript.
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The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
All procedures performed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Nakanishi, K., Kanda, M., Ito, S. et al. Propensity-score-matched analysis of a multi-institutional dataset to compare postoperative complications between Billroth I and Roux-en-Y reconstructions after distal gastrectomy. Gastric Cancer 23, 734–745 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10120-020-01048-6
- Gastric cancer
- Billroth I
- Postoperative complication
- Score matching