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Chinese Journal of Polymer Science

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 665–674 | Cite as

Changes of the Molecular Mobility of Poly(ε-caprolactone) upon Drawing, Studied by Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy

  • Xiao-Yan Yang
  • Shao-Shuai Liu
  • Alexander V. Korobko
  • Stephen J. Picken
  • Nicolaas A. M. Besseling
Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) of poly(ε-caprolactone) with different draw ratios showed that the mobility of polymer chains in the amorphous part decreases as the draw ratio increases. The activation energy of the α process, which corresponds to the dynamic glass transition, increases upon drawing. The enlarged gap between the activation energies of the α process and the β process results in a change of continuity at the crossover between the high temperature a process and the α and β processes. At low drawing ratios the a process connects with the β process, while at the highest drawing ratio in our measurements, the a process is continuous with the α process. This is consistent with X-ray diffraction results that indicate that upon drawing the polymer chains in the amorphous part align and densify upon drawing. As the draw ratio increases, the α relaxation broadens and decreases its intensity, indicating an increasing heterogeneity. We observed slope changes in the α traces, when the temperature decreases below that at which τ α ≈ 1 s. This may indicate the glass transition from the ‘rubbery’ state to the non-equilibrium glassy state.

Keywords

Semicrystalline polymer Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy Molecular mobility 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This research forms part of the research programme of the Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), project#623.

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Copyright information

© Chinese Chemical Society, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao-Yan Yang
    • 1
  • Shao-Shuai Liu
    • 1
  • Alexander V. Korobko
    • 2
    • 3
  • Stephen J. Picken
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nicolaas A. M. Besseling
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Lucky Research InstituteChina Lucky Group CorporationBaodingChina
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftthe Netherlands
  3. 3.Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI)Eindhoventhe Netherlands

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