Treatment of flat and elevated pigmented disorders with a 755-nm alexandrite picosecond laser: clinical and histological evaluation

  • Adrian Alegre-Sanchez
  • Natalia Jiménez-Gómez
  • Óscar M. Moreno-Arrones
  • Pablo Fonda-Pascual
  • Bibiana Pérez-García
  • Pedro Jaén-Olasolo
  • Pablo Boixeda
Brief Report

Abstract

The novel picosecond lasers, initially developed for faster tattoo removal, have also shown great efficacy in endogenous pigmentary disorders. To describe the efficacy and safety profile of an alexandrite (755-nm) picosecond laser in a wide range of pigmented flat and elevated cutaneous lesions. A retrospective study was performed in which we collected all the clinical images of patients treated with the 755-nm alexandrite picosecond laser for 12 months (November 2016–November 2017). Clinical features were obtained from their medical charts. Patients treated for tattoo removal were excluded. All the images were analyzed by three blind physicians attending to a visual analogue scale (VAS) from 0 to 5 (0, no change; 1, 1–24% clearance; 2, 25–49% clearance; 3, 50–74% clearance; 4, 75–99% clearance; 5, complete clearance). Patient satisfaction was obtained from a subjective survey including four items: very satisfied, satisfied, non-satisfied, and totally dissatisfied. Thirty-seven patients were included (12 males; 25 females). The mean age of the study was 42.35 years. Twenty-five patients (68%) were treated for different pigmented flat disorders such as solar and mucosal lentigines (5), stasis dermatitis (4), or nevus of Ota (4), among other diagnoses. Twelve patients (32%) were treated for epidermal elevated lesions such as warts (5), epidermal nevi (2), and seborrheic keratosis (3), among other elevated lesions. Mean number of laser treatment was 3.02 sessions while mean follow-up after last laser treatment was 4.02 months. Mean VAS score of the three observers was 3.44 (61% of clearance) for pigmentary flat disorders and 3.60 (67%) for elevated lesions. Adverse effects reported were mild blistering in the first 2–5 days following laser treatment in some of the patients. Overall satisfaction among the patients included was high. The novel 755-nm picosecond alexandrite laser is effective not only for the resolution of pigmented flat lesions of different nature but also for the treatment of the more difficult elevated pigmented lesions.

Keywords

Laser Picosecond laser Alexandrite laser Pigment laser Nevus of Ota Becker’s nevus 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was properly approved by the institution of our Center.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrian Alegre-Sanchez
    • 1
  • Natalia Jiménez-Gómez
    • 1
  • Óscar M. Moreno-Arrones
    • 1
  • Pablo Fonda-Pascual
    • 1
  • Bibiana Pérez-García
    • 1
  • Pedro Jaén-Olasolo
    • 1
  • Pablo Boixeda
    • 1
  1. 1.Dermatology Department, Laser UnitHospital Universitario Ramón y CajalMadridSpain

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