Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 907–915 | Cite as

Usage of Eucalyptus globulus bark as a raw material for natural antioxidant and fuel source

  • Pasakorn Jutakridsada
  • Wimonporn Iamamornphanth
  • Nisa Patikarnmonthon
  • Khanita Kamwilaisak
Original Paper


The concept of clean technology was applied in the traditional process of using Eucalyptus globulus bark as fuel in the pulp and paper industry. The bark was investigated for its potential as a source of antioxidants by the solid–liquid extraction process before being used as fuel source. An experiment was set up to determine its antioxidant capacity and heating value. Volatile components of the extracts were also identified and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. The experimental results suggested that ethanol extraction solution at a ratio of 1:20 yielded the highest content of phenolic compounds (674.19 mg of gallic acid/l) and antioxidant capacity (30.53 ± 1.76 mg/l). We also examined and compared the fuel properties of extracted and unextracted bark, and it was found that the fuel properties of extracted and unextracted bark showed no significant difference. These findings suggested that the bark can be put to a better use by extracting the compounds before being ultimately used as fuel source in the traditional process. This might lead to an alternative process for the pulp and paper industry in which the standard process is maintained to obtain the desired products, with the additional extraction process to obtain high-value compounds.


Antioxidant activity Eucalyptus barks Solvent extraction Total phenolic compounds 



This study was partially supported by Farm Engineering and Automatic Control Technology Research group (FEAT group), Applied Engineering for Important Crops of the North East Research group (AENE group) Khon Khaen University and Phoenix Pulp & Paper Public Company Limited (PPPC), Thailand.

Supplementary material

10098_2016_1276_MOESM1_ESM.docx (153 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 153 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasakorn Jutakridsada
    • 1
  • Wimonporn Iamamornphanth
    • 1
  • Nisa Patikarnmonthon
    • 2
  • Khanita Kamwilaisak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of ScienceMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand

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