Cadmium removal potential by rice straw-derived magnetic biochar
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Cadmium removal from wastewater is a difficult problem, so our aim was to develop a novel biochar and method of biochar preparation for the high-efficiency removal of cadmium. First, common biochars created using different pyrolysis conditions were tested to determine the best absorbance using the iodine absorption test. Magnetic biochar was prepared using a one-step synthesis by treating rice straw with Fe2+/Fe3+ and pyrolizing using the working conditions that exhibited the best absorbance. Second, the prepared biochars were used as adsorbents for Cd(II) removal from a solution. The magnetic biochar showed high efficiency for the removal of Cd(II): up to 91 %. This rate is much greater than that of the original biochar.
KeywordsBiochar Magnetic biochar Cadmium
This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571283).
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