Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 761–774 | Cite as

Cadmium removal potential by rice straw-derived magnetic biochar

  • Zhongxin Tan
  • Yuanhang Wang
  • Alfreda Kasiulienė
  • Chuanqin Huang
  • Ping Ai
Article

Abstract

Cadmium removal from wastewater is a difficult problem, so our aim was to develop a novel biochar and method of biochar preparation for the high-efficiency removal of cadmium. First, common biochars created using different pyrolysis conditions were tested to determine the best absorbance using the iodine absorption test. Magnetic biochar was prepared using a one-step synthesis by treating rice straw with Fe2+/Fe3+ and pyrolizing using the working conditions that exhibited the best absorbance. Second, the prepared biochars were used as adsorbents for Cd(II) removal from a solution. The magnetic biochar showed high efficiency for the removal of Cd(II): up to 91 %. This rate is much greater than that of the original biochar.

Keywords

Biochar Magnetic biochar Cadmium 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571283).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhongxin Tan
    • 1
  • Yuanhang Wang
    • 1
  • Alfreda Kasiulienė
    • 2
  • Chuanqin Huang
    • 1
  • Ping Ai
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Resources and EnvironmentHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Environment and EcologyAleksandras Stulginskis UniversityKaunasLithuania
  3. 3.College of EngineeringHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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