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Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 749–760 | Cite as

Sustainability assessment of Ricinus communis biodiesel using LCA Approach

  • Mohammed Amouri
  • Faroudja Mohellebi
  • Toudert Ahmed Zaïd
  • Majda Aziza
Article

Abstract

Biofuels are considered as eco-friendly fuels and can readily replace fossil fuels while helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainable rural development. Although Algeria is an oil producer and exporter, the development of renewable energies is a strategic goal for public authorities, which are giving new impetus to this sector to replace the fossil energy resources of which are becoming increasingly scarce. In this context, the life-cycle assessment (LCA) of a second-generation biodiesel derived from Ricinus communis feedstock is undertaken. LCA is a tool that can be used effectively in evaluating various renewable energy sources for their sustainability and can help policy makers to choose the optimal energy source for specific purpose. The life cycle of Castor bean-based biodiesel production includes the stages of cultivation, oil extraction, and biodiesel production. The impact categories studied were global warming, Energy return-on-energy investment (EROEI), human health, and ecosystem. We have used the impact 2002 + evaluation method which is implemented in the SimaPro© software package. Moreover, it is the most useful method for identifying and measuring the impact of industrial products on the environment. Results show that among all the production stages, the cultivation process of Ricinus communis and the conversion of oil to biodiesel are the largest contributors to most of environmental impact categories. Life-cycle analysis revealed that the use of castor for biodiesel production could have many advantages like an energy return-on-energy investment (EROEI) of 2.60 and a positive contribution to climate-change reduction as revealed by a positive carbon balance.

Keywords

Ricinus communis biodiesel Life-cycle analysis Impact 2002+ EROEI Carbon Balance 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed Amouri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Faroudja Mohellebi
    • 1
  • Toudert Ahmed Zaïd
    • 1
  • Majda Aziza
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Valorisation des Energies Fossiles, Dépt de Génie ChimiqueEcole Nationale PolytechniqueAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables CDER AlgiersAlgeria

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