Journal of Wood Science

, Volume 64, Issue 6, pp 720–729 | Cite as

Transverse shrinkage variations within tree stems of Melia azedarach planted in northern Vietnam

  • Doan Van Duong
  • Junji MatsumuraEmail author
Original Article


This study quantified variations within tree stems in tangential shrinkage (αT), radial shrinkage (αR), and tangential/radial shrinkage ratio (αT/αR) of Melia azedarach grown in two different sites in northern Vietnam. The overall values of αT, αR, and αT/αR were 7.05%, 4.38%, and 1.64, respectively. The variation pattern in αT and αR was found to increase gradually from pith to bark and this trend was similar on both sites. In radial direction, the αT/αR decreased significantly from 10 to 50% of the radial length from pith before approaching a constant value toward the outside. The transverse shrinkage variation with height was very small and without statistical significance. There were strong positive relationships between transverse shrinkage and basic density (BD). This implies that the selection for high wood density may lead to increase wood transverse shrinkage. In addition, the αT and αR had significant positive linear relationships with both acoustic wave velocity (VL) and dynamic modulus of elasticity of log (DMOElog). This result suggests that it might be possible to sort lumber with large transverse shrinkage by stress wave method for M. azedarach planted in northern Vietnam.


Melia azedarach Transverse shrinkage Non-destructive evaluation Radial position 



The first author was funded by Vietnam government for a Doctor course at Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Japan Wood Research Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental SciencesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of ForestryThai Nguyen University of Agriculture and ForestryThai NguyenVietnam
  3. 3.Laboratory of Wood Science, Faculty of AgricultureKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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