Incidence of stroke among Saudi population: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract

Background and aims

Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. However, our knowledge of the incidence of stroke for Saudi Arabian population is not known. Thus, we aimed to determine the pooled annual incidence of stroke in Saudi Arabia.

Summary of review

We conducted a comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Web of Science, and SCOPUS, without language or publication year limits. Outcomes of interest were stroke incidence rate for both first and recurrent. A total of five studies met the inclusion criteria for this review. The pooled annual incidence of stroke in Saudi Arabia was 0.029% (95% CI: 0.015 to 0.047) equivalent of 29 strokes per 100,000 people annually (95% CI: 15 to 47).

Conclusion

The findings indicate that there are 29 stroke cases for every 100,000 people annually for individuals residing Saudi Arabia. Our values were lower than those of other high-income countries. Establishing a nationwide stroke registry is warranted for monitoring and improving healthcare services provided to stroke survivors.

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Funding

This study was supported by the deanship of scientific research at Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University under the project # 2019/03/10805.

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Correspondence to Bader A. Alqahtani.

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Alqahtani, B.A., Alenazi, A.M., Hoover, J.C. et al. Incidence of stroke among Saudi population: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurol Sci (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-020-04520-4

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Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence
  • Stroke
  • Systematic review