Neurological Sciences

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 657–661 | Cite as

Assessment of Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS): the dimension of anhedonia in Italian healthy sample

  • Iolanda Martino
  • Gabriella Santangelo
  • Daniela Moschella
  • Luana Marino
  • Rocco Servidio
  • Antonio Augimeri
  • Angela Costabile
  • Giovanni Capoderose
  • Antonio Cerasa
Original Article


The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) is a rapid screening battery created for assessing the presence of anhedonia, namely the inability to experience pleasure. Although, this symptom has widely been investigated in clinical settings, individual differences in anhedonia are also present in healthy population. The aim of present study was to validate the translated Italian version of this test. One thousand six hundred ninety-seven consecutive healthy subjects (55% female) of different ages (age 18–82 years) underwent SHAPS. Participants who showed mild level of anhedonia also completed the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS), Mood Disorders Insight Scale (MDIS), and Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS). The SHAPS showed good internal consistency and discriminant validity; moreover, the factorial analysis highlighted that SHAPS had a three-factor structure for explaining the anhedonic construct. 14.9% showed a significant reduction of hedonic tone (SHAPS ≥ 3). Finally, the degree of anhedonia was significantly correlated with BDI and BHS scores, but not with age or gender. Although anhedonia is a prominent feature of many psychiatric and neurological disorders, the presence of this symptom in the healthy population highlighted the importance to develop reliable tool. SHAPS shows good psychometric properties to assess multidimensional anhedonia symptoms also in Italian healthy population.


Anhedonia SHAPS Healthy individuals Italian population 


Compliance with ethical standards

All participants gave their written informed consent and the local ethics committee approved the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iolanda Martino
    • 1
  • Gabriella Santangelo
    • 2
  • Daniela Moschella
    • 3
  • Luana Marino
    • 4
  • Rocco Servidio
    • 5
  • Antonio Augimeri
    • 6
  • Angela Costabile
    • 5
  • Giovanni Capoderose
    • 3
  • Antonio Cerasa
    • 1
    • 4
    • 7
  1. 1.National Research Council (IBFM-CNR)Institute of Molecular Bioimaging and PhysiologyCatanzaroItaly
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”NaplesItaly
  3. 3.Ascoc, Psychotherapy School Lamezia TermeLamezia TermeItaly
  4. 4.Department of Sociology“Magna Graecia” UniversityCatanzaroItaly
  5. 5.Department of Languages and Education SciencesUniversity of CalabriaCosenzaItaly
  6. 6.Biotecnomed SCARLCatanzaroItaly
  7. 7.Institute S. Anna-Research in Advanced NeurorehabilitationCrotoneItaly

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