Physicochemical characteristics and anti-oxidant activities of farm-cultivated and mountain-cultivated ginseng seeds
- 32 Downloads
Physicochemical characteristics and anti-oxidant capacities of seeds from two farm-cultivated and one mountain-cultivated ginsengs (Panax ginseng Meyer) (MG) were determined. The seeds had 17.9–22.1% (dry basis) crude lipids, 11.5–15.2% crude proteins, and 1.4–1.7% ash. Oleic acid (77.9–78.5%) was the predominant fatty acid in the seed oils, followed by linoleic acid (16.6–17.4%). The highest Hunter b value, carotenoids, (β + γ)-tocotrienol, and δ-tocotrienol, and the lowest α-tocotrienol were observed in the seed oils from MG. Squalene was also the most abundant in the MG seed oils. β-Sitosterol was the major phytosterol in the seed oils with MG the highest. Defatted seed meal extracts from MG possessed the most total phenolics and flavonoids, and the highest DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities. These results suggest that MG seeds may be a novel source of functional foods.
KeywordsAnti-oxidant Farm-cultivated ginseng Ginseng seed Mountain-cultivated ginseng Physicochemical characteristics
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
- 5.Lee CH, Nam KY, Choi KJ. Relationship between the age and chemical components of ginseng root’s portion (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer). Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 10: 263–268 (1978)Google Scholar
- 6.Zhu XM, Hu JN, Shin JA, Lee JH, Hong ST, Lee KT. Comparison of seed oil characteristics from Korean ginseng, Chinese ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium L.). J. Food Sci. Nutr. 15: 275–281 (2010)Google Scholar
- 12.AOAC. Official Method of Analysis of AOAC. 15th ed. Method 958.05, 963.15, 970.22, 972.15. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA (1990)Google Scholar
- 13.AOCS. Official Methods and recommended practices of the AOCS. 6th ed. Method Ce 2-66. American Oil Chemists’ Society. Champaign, IL, USA (2009)Google Scholar