Advertisement

Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 393–400 | Cite as

The nutritional ingredients and antioxidant activity of donkey milk and donkey milk powder

  • Ling Li
  • Xinfeng Liu
  • Hong Guo
Article
  • 138 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this work was to shed light on the nutritional ingredients and antioxidant activity of donkey milk and powder. It indicated that basic components of donkey milk were closed to human milk, especially lactose. The fat content of donkey milk was lower than that of cow milk and human milk. The essential amino acids, fatty acids and taurine in donkey milk and powder were richer. The whey protein content of donkey milk was 49.08 g/100 g. The ratio of casein to whey protein in donkey milk and powder was 70.3:100. The cholesterol of donkey milk was 8.6 mg/100 g. Therefore, donkey milk and powder are typical low-fat and low-cholesterol foods. The precious values of donkey milk and powder are suitable calcium and phosphorus proportion, and strongly resistant to oxidation. In conclusion, donkey milk and powder are good supplementary of cow milk and powder, would be better for infant dietary.

Keywords

Donkey milk Donkey milk powder Nutritional ingredients Hydroxyl radicals scavenging ability Superoxide anion radicals scavenging ability Total antioxidant capacity DPPH radicals scavenging ability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was partially supported by Mass Breeding Technology Integration and Demonstration of Donkey, funded by Tianjin Rural Work Committee, and Major Scientific and Technological Achievement Award Program of Tianjin Agricultural University. We are grateful to the support of International Joint Research Center for Biotechnology in Agricultural Animal Breeding and Product Testing.

References

  1. 1.
    Lu DL, Zhang DF, Liu PL, Dong ML. Chemical composition and nutritive value in donkey milk. Xin jiang Agricultural Sciences 43(4): 335–340 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang XY. Composition, physiochemical properties, nitrogen fraction distribution, and amino acid profile of donkey milk. Journal of Dairy Science 90(4): 1635–1643 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blasi F, Montesano D, De Angelis M, Maurizi A, Ventura F, Cossignani L, Simonetti MS, Damiani P. Results of stereospecific analysis of triacylglycerol fraction from donkey, cow, ewe, goat and buffalo milk. J. Food Compos. Anal. 21(1): 1–7 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang CY, You J, Luo YK. The protein composition of donkey milk and its comparison with human milk and cow milk. China Dairy 9(9): 50–51 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhang CY, You J, Zheng J, Luo YK. Nutritional composition and function of donkey milk. Academic Periodical of Farm Products Processing 2(2): 71–72 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fantuz F, Ferraro S, Todini L, Piloni R, Mariani P, Salimei E. Donkey milk concentration of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and magnesium. Int. Dairy J. 24(2): 143–145 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ma L, Su DQ, Ji CF, Ding YS, Zhang L, Yu D. Study on health protection efficacy of fresh donkey’s milk. Food Science 29(5): 423–426 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lu DL, Zhang DF, Liu PL, Dong ML. The nutrition value and exploitation of donkey milk. Journal of Dairy Science and Technology 29(6):11–18 (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ma L, Zhao XG, Yang HF, Su DQ, Dong ML. Development and utilization of donkey milk and its prospects. China Dairy 6(6):40–41 (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nazzaro F, Orlando P, Fratianni F, Coppola R. Isolation of components with antimicrobial property from the donkey milk: a preliminary study. Open Food Science Journal 4(4): 37–42 (2010)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Martini M, Altomonte I, Salari F, Caroli AM. Short communication: Monitoring nutritional quality of Amiata donkey milk: Effects of lactation and productive season. J. Dairy Sci. 97(11):6819–6822 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shi JJ, Zhang JG, Sun YH, Qu J, Li L, Prasad C, Wei ZJ. Physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides sequentially extracted from peony seed dreg. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 91: 23-30 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Qu J, Zhang F, Thakur K, Shi JJ, Zhang JG, S. Faisal S, Wei ZJ. The effects of process technology on the physicochemical properties of peony seed oil. Grasas Y Aceites 68 (2): e192 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ene-Obong H, Onuoha N, Aburime L, Mbah O. Chemical composition and antioxidant activities of some indigenous spices consumed in Nigeria. Food Chem. 238: 58-64 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Perna A, Intaglietta I, Simonetti A, Gambacorta E. Donkey milk for manufacture of novel functional fermented beverages. J. Food Sci. 80:S1352–1359 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Monti G, Bertino E, Muratore MC, Coscia A, Cresi F, Silvestro L, Fabris C, Fortunato D, Giuffrida MG, Conti A. Efficacy of donkey’s milk in treating highly problematic cow’s milk allergic children: An in vivo and in vitro study. Pediatr Allergy Immu. 18(3): 258–264 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vincenzetti S, Foghini L, Pucciarelli S, Polzonetti V, Cammertoni N, Beghelli D, Polidori P. Hypoallergenic properties of donkey milk: a preliminary study. Vet Ital 50:99–107 (2014)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Polidori P, Vincenzetti S. Effects of thermal treatments on donkey milk nutritional characteristics. Recent Pat. Food Nutr. Agric. 5:182–187 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Medhammar E, Wijesinha-Bettoni R, Stadlmayr B, Nilsson E, Charrondiere UR, Burlingame B. Composition of milk from minor dairy animals and buffalo breeds: a biodiversity perspective. J. Sci. Food Agric. 92(3): 445–474 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Carroccio A, Cavataio F, Montalto G, D’Amico D, Alabrese L, Iacono G. Intolerance to hydrolysed cow’s milk proteins in infants: clinical characteristics and dietary treatment. Clin. Exp. Allergy 30(11): 1597–1603 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lionetti L, Cavaliere G, Bergamo P, Trinchese G, De Filippo C, Gifuni G, Gaita M, Pignalosa A, Donizzetti I, Putti R, Di Palo R, Barletta A, Mollica MP. Diet supplementation with donkey milk upregulates liver mitochondrial uncoupling, reduces energy efficiency and improves antioxidant and antiinflammatory defences in rats. Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 56:1596–1600 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yao TT, Zhao PC, Lv LH. Progress of study on milk-derived bioactive peptides. China Food Additives 6: 29–31 (2005)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Li C, Xie MY, Nie SP, Chen JH, Barbara Zimmermann. Study on free radical scavenging in vitro and antioxidative activity of extracts from cook noni (Morinda citrifolia) juice. Natural Product Research and Development 18:373–377 (2006)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bucevic-Popovic V, Delas I, Medugorac S, Pavela-Vrancic M, Kulisic-Bilusic T. Oxidative stability and antioxidant activity of bovine, caprine, ovine and asinine milk. Int. J. Dairy Technol. 67(3): 394–401 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Malacarne M, Martuzzi F, Summer A, Mariani P. Protein and fat composition of mare’s milk: some nutritional remarks with reference to human and cow’s milk. Int. Dairy J. 12:869–877 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang ZY. The research of formula cow milk powder. Food Science 16(7): 18–21 (1995)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pipes PL. Nutrition in infancy and childhood. WCB/McGraw-Hill, USA. pp. 658-662 (1997)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    FOX PF, Uniacke-Lowe T, McSweeney PLH, O’Mahony JA. Dairy Chemistry and Biochemistry. Blackie Academic & Professional, Switzerland. pp.145-239 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Roginski H, Fuqua JW, FOX PF. Encyclopedia of dairy sciences. Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc, UK. pp. 458-613 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Food Science and BiotechnologyTianjin Agricultural UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Tianjin Engineering Research Center of Agricultural Products ProcessingTianjinChina
  3. 3.College of Animal Science and Animal MedicineTianjin Agriculture UniversityTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations